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διήρθρου. “Shaped out,” “moulded”; cp. Phaedrus 253 D. Cp. Aelian, H. A. II. 19, V. 39, VI. 3.

τὸν καλάποδα. “The (cobbler's) last”: Lat. forma (Hor. Sat. II. 3. 106), or tentipellium. Suidas (s.v. κᾶλα) κᾶλον γὰρ τὸ ξύλον: ἐξ οὗ καὶ καλόπους, ξύλινος ποῦς.

μνημεῖον...πάθους. The residue of the wrinkles was intended to serve as a memorial “of man's first disobedience...and all our woe.” This repeats the idea already expressed in 190 E above (ἵνα θεώμενος κτλ.).

φύσις. Creuzer renders this by “nos homines,” disapproving of Ficinus' “natura” and Schleierm.'s “forma”: but φύσις is no mere periphrasis but connotes original nature or form.

ποθοῦν ἕκαστον κτλ. To attempt to restore the Bodleian reading ξυνεῖναι, as several of the later critics do, involves too much alteration; thus Hug writes τῷ αὑτοῦ ξυνεῖναι, Usener ἐπόθουν...τῷ αὑτοῦ ξυνεῖναι. Notice the “constructio ad sensum,” ποθοῦν...περιβάλλοντες...ἀπέθνῃσκον. There is an echo of this passage in Philo de op. mund. 53 p. 36 M.

τῆς ἄλλης ἀργίας. “General inactivity,” implying that the λιμός itself was due to ἀργία. Cp. Rep. 554 A, C (with Adam ad loc.).

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hide References (3 total)
  • Commentary references from this page (3):
    • Plato, Republic, 554a
    • Plato, Phaedrus, 253d
    • Plato, Symposium, 190e
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