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χαμεύνια. ταπεινὰ κλινίδια (Schol.); τὰ ἐπὶ τῆς γῆς στρωννύμενα (Tim.): cp. (Eros) χαμαιπετής, 203 D: Hipponax 67 ἐν σταθμίῳ τε καὶ χαμευνίῳ γυμνόν.

προσευξάμενος τῷ ἡλίῳ. Hesiod (Op. 339) prescribes prayer at sunrise and sunset; cp. Laws 887 E, 966 D; Soph. O. C. 477; Ar. Plut. 771 καὶ προσκυνῶ γε πρῶτα μὲν τὸν ἥλιον. The suggestion here may be that the Sun-god (Phoebus, the revealer, “the light of the world”) brings mental illumination, and that Socr.'s εὐχή was in part a thanksgiving therefor. As a parallel to Socr., we may refer to “the devotion of Orpheus to Helios” as pointed out in Harrison Proleg. p. 462. Moreover, Socr. regarded Apollo as his special patron-god, see Apol. 39 D ff., Phaedo 85 B, Tim. 40 A (Adam, R. T. G. pp. 325, 434 ff.): and the sun is the symbol of ideal Good, see Rep. 530 A, Phileb. 28 D. For the content of a Socratic prayer, see Phaedrus 279 B—C; Xen. Mem. I. 3. 2 ηὔχετο δὲ πρὸς τοὺς θεοὺς ἁπλῶς τἀγαθὰ διδόναι. Of prayers to Helios we have exx. in Soph. Aj. 845 ff.; id. fr. 772 Ἠέλιος οἰκτείρειέ με | ὃν σοφοὶ λέγουσι γεννητὴν θεῶν | καὶ πατέρα πάντων.

Εἰ δὲ βούλεσθε. Sc. ἀκοῦσαι οἷος ἦν, or the like; cp. 177 B. Alcib. here passes on to treat of the ἀνδρεία of Socr.

ἀποδοῦναι. “Tanquam debitum persolvere” (Stallb.).

μάχη. “Illa pugna (omnibus nota)” (Rückert); i.e. the fight (in 432 B.C.) which preceded the blockade of Potidaea, cp. 219 E n., Thuc. I. 62 ff., II. 2.

ἔσωσεν. With this, and συνδιέσωσεν below, cp. Eros as σωτὴρ ἄριστος, 197 E.

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hide References (13 total)
  • Commentary references from this page (13):
    • Plato, Laws, 887e
    • Plato, Republic, 530a
    • Plato, Apology, 39d
    • Plato, Phaedo, 85b
    • Plato, Phaedrus, 279b
    • Plato, Philebus, 28d
    • Plato, Symposium, 177b
    • Plato, Symposium, 197e
    • Plato, Symposium, 203d
    • Plato, Symposium, 219e
    • Plato, Timaeus, 40a
    • Sophocles, Ajax, 845
    • Sophocles, Oedipus at Colonus, 477
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