: with whom he was on like terms of intimacy. The following passage gives the two leading departments of the physician's profession—pharmacy, φάρμακον πιεῖν
, and surgery, τεμεῖν ἢ καῦσαι παρασχεῖν
—which in ancient times, as is also the case to a large degree at present, were frequently united by the same practitioner. The knife and the cautery, as the two leading instruments of the surgeon's profession, are often mentioned together. Cf. 480 c
, 521 e
354 a; Aeschy. Ag.
848 ὅτῳ δὲ καὶ δεῖ φαρμάκων παιωνίων
,|ἤτοι κέαντες ἢ τέμοντες εὐφρόνως
|πειρασόμεσθα πῆμ᾽ ἀποστρέψαι νόσου
: cf. Apol.
33 b καὶ πλουσίῳ καὶ πένητι παρέχω ἐμαυτὸν ἐρωτᾶν
. As here 475 d
348 a. See Kr. 55, 3, 21.
: more exactly we should expect ὅποι
, and some of the inferior Mss. have it here. But the ideas of ‘where’ and ‘whither’ are often confounded in Greek, while in Eng. ‘where’ has become the rule for ‘whither’ in ordinary conversation. The remark here is very fitting in the mouth of Gorgias, in view of his extensive travels. Cf. Introd. §§ 4, 5.