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The division of κολακεία given above was made without specifying the standard of division, and only enumerates the different varieties. Socrates now, at Gorgias' instance, reduces the whole subject to a regular system, by referring κολακεία back to a higher species, θεραπεία, on the basis of a distinction according to reality and appearance. Now, since θεραπεία has for its object the εὐεξία τοῦ ἀνθρώπου, we get two more points of view: (1) that of the object (ἀνθρώπου), as composed of body and soul; and (2) that of the treatment, as being either positive or negative.

οἷον τοιόνδε λέγω: is a formula for introducing an example or a special case in illustration of a general statement.

εὖ ἔχειν τὰ σώματα: τὰ σώματα here, as well as τὸ σῶμα καὶ τὴν ψυχήν below, is acc. of specification. H. 718 a.

τὸ τοιοῦτον: the article is used on account of its reference to what has just been described. This is more definitely given in the ὅτι (relative) clause which follows.

ἔχει δὲ κτἑ.: in this change of subject lies no ambiguity either to the Greek mind or to us. It was, besides, a regular way in Greek of expressing “although.” The subject is the same indefinite one which must be supplied as the object of the preceding ποιεῖ. See on 456 d.

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    • Plato, Gorgias, 456d
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