φάθι ἢ μὴ
): affirm or deny.
See on 454 d
κατά γε τοῦτον τὸν λόγον
: a conditional admission, implying that with a different treatment possibly a different result might be obtained.
f. οὔτ᾽ ἂν κτἑ.
draws attention to the emphatic words. On the position and repetition, see H. 862, 864; GMT. 223, 226.
ὁρᾷς οὖν, ὁ ἔλεγχος κτἑ.
: we might also have had ὁρᾷς οὖν τὸν ἔλεγχον ὅτι παρὰ κτἑ.
But the form chosen by Plato greatly heightens the contrast. Socrates, moreover, is referring to his own words in 472 c παραβαλόντες οὖν παρ᾽ ἀλλήλους σκεψώμεθα, εἴ τι διοίσουσιν ἀλλήλων
. Hence also the addition of the expressions μαρτυρῶν
to the more general ὁμολογῶν