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σοφώτατε σύ: a humorously ironical intimation that Socrates was asking something quite self-evident. But Callicles should not recognize an ἐπιστήμη and an ἀνδρεία, in addition to “the good,” if this is to find its realization in ἡδονή. The argument which begins 497 d is based upon this contradiction.

ὅπως μεμνησόμεθα: this use of ὅπως with the fut. is distinctively a colloquialism, the majority of exam ples being found in Aristophanes. For statistics, see GMT. 274.

17 f.

Καλλικλῆς ἔφη Ἀχαρνεύς: a humorous imitation of the custom which prevailed in the public assembly, according to which any one who introduced a motion or resolution had to add to his own name the name of the deme to which he belonged; cf. the famous line which used to afford Philip of Macedon so much amusement, Δημοσθένης Δημοσθένους Παιανιεὺς τάδ᾽ εἶπεν. Callicles falls in with the humor immediately. Ἀχαρναί belonged to the φυλὴ Οἰνηίς, Ἀλωπεκή to the φυλὴ Ἀντιοχίς.

τοῦ ἀγαθοῦ: does not properly belong in this summing up (ὅπως μεμνησόμεθα) of the foregoing steps, which define expressly the fact that ἐπιστήμη and ἀνδρεία on the one hand are quite distinct from ἡδονή (τὸ ἡδύ) on the other. Still, by reason of the identity of ἡδύ and ἀγαθόν maintained by Callicles, the ἀγαθόν would be very easily substituted for the ἡδύ.

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    • Plato, Gorgias, 497d
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