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καὶ δύναμιν: the way to become powerful, says Socrates above, is to imitate the δεσπότης. Hence καὶ δύναμιν is the power (τὸ μέγα δύνασθαι) obtained by this μίμησις (ὅπως ὅτι μάλιστα ὁμοῖος ἔσται).

ὅπῃ στρέφεις: the last conclu sion of Socrates is not agreeable to Callicles, who therefore declares it an arbitrary perversion of the argument. The στρέφειν ἄνω κάτω (see on 481 e), the twisting this way and that of words and ideas so that their sense was reversed, was an important department of Eristic.

ἐὰν βούληται: the use of βούλεσθαι again shows that the detailed explanation by Socrates of the difference between βούλεσθαι and δοκεῖν (ch. XXIII. f.) was in vain. Hence Socrates himself ceases to regard it in his answer.

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    • Plato, Gorgias, 481e
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