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23 f.

τόν γε ὡς ἀληθῶς ἄνδρα: has reference to the lengthy exposition of Callicles in ch. XXXVIII. ff., especially 485 c, d, where the activity of Socrates is characterized as unmanly. Wherein true manliness consists, Socrates shows in his defence, Apol. ch. XVI. f. and XXIX.

ἐατέον: cf. 484 c ἐάσας φιλοσοφίαν. For the construction, see on 507 c.

24 f.

ἐπιτρέψαντα . . . τῷ θεῷ: this feeling of submission to God's decrees Socrates preserved even to his death. Cf. Apol. 41 d οὐκ ἔστιν ἀνδρὶ ἀγαθῷ κακὸν οὐδὲν οὔτε ζῶντι οὔτε τελευτήσαντι, οὐδὲ ἀμελεῖται ὑπὸ θεῶν τὰ τούτου πράγματα: οὐδὲ τὰ ἐμὰ νῦν ἀπὸ τοῦ αὐτομάτου γέγονεν, ἀλλά μοι δῆλόν ἐστι τοῦτο ὅτι ἤδη τεθνάναι καὶ ἀπηλλάχθαι πραγμάτων βέλτιον ἦν μοι.

περὶ τούτων: for emphasis, instead of the simple acc. ταῦτα. But see Rid. § 106.

ταῖς γυναιξίν: because these hold more firmly to what is old and time-honored, both in dialect (cf. Crat. 418 c αἱ γυναῖκες μάλιστα τὴν ἀρχαίαν φωνὴν σῴζουσι, Cic. de Or. iii. 12. 45) and in belief. This same old belief is expressed by Hector Z 488, μοῖραν (i.e. τὴν εἱμαρμένην) δ᾽ οὔ τινά φημι πεφυγμένον ἔμμεναι ἀνδρῶν. It is ridiculed as an old wives' tale by the Epicurean Velleius in Cic. de Nat. Deor. i. 20. 55 as follows: Hinc vobis exstitit primum illa fatalis necessitas quam εἱμαρμένην dicitis, ut, quidquid accidat, id ex aeterna veritate causarumque continuatione fluxisse dicatis. Quanti autem haec philosophia aestimanda est cui tamquam aniculis et iis quidem indoctis, fato fieri videantur omnia? By the words ἐπιτρέψαντα κτἑ., Socrates declares in a delicate way that this belief of the women harmonizes with the principles of true manliness better than the view of the highly cultured Callicles.

οὐδ᾽ ἂν εἷς : οὐδείς is separated for the sake of emphasis. See G. 77, 1, 2; H. 290 a.

τὸ ἐπὶ τούτῳ: see on 452 c. ἐπί denotes the immediate succession.

μέλλοι: is optative by assimilation to the potential ἂν βιοίη.

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hide References (5 total)
  • Commentary references from this page (5):
    • Plato, Cratylus, 418c
    • Plato, Gorgias, 452c
    • Plato, Gorgias, 484c
    • Plato, Gorgias, 485c
    • Plato, Gorgias, 507c
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