: firm and unchange-
This meaning is derived from the use of the Pythagoreans, with whom the number four (τετρακτύς
) and the square were symbols of the permanent, perfect, divine. Cf. δοκεῖ δὲ καὶ τοῖς Πυθαγορείοις
(sc. τὸ τετράγωνον
) εἰκόνα φέρειν τῆς θείας οὐσίας
(the image of the divine nature
) Proclus on Euclidis Elem.
p. 48 G, Boeckh Philolaus
, 155. When τετράγωνος
occurs later in the sense of our passage, it is a play on the verse of Simonides. So Arist. Rhet.
iii. II τὸν ἀγαθὸν ἄνδρα φάναι εἶναι τετράγωνον μεταφορά: ἄμφω γὰρ τέλεια
. Somewhat differently Varro (Pliny N. H.
34. 19) calls the figures (signa) of Polycletus quadrata, in contrast to those of Lysippus. Cf. in quadrum redigere.
: cf. Soph.
227 a τῇ τῶν λόγων μεθόδῳ σπογγιστικῆς ἢ φαρμακοποσίας οὐδὲν ἧττον οὐδέ τι μᾶλλον τυγχάνει μέλον the dialectical art concerns itself neither less nor more with the use of the sponge than with the taking of physic.
— The usual impers. const. of μέλει
is retained in the partic. with τυγχάνει
δοκεῖ δέ σοι κτἑ.
: this then is the ἐρώτημα περὶ ἀρετῆς