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τετράγωνον: firm and unchange- able, perfect. This meaning is derived from the use of the Pythagoreans, with whom the number four (τετρακτύς) and the square were symbols of the permanent, perfect, divine. Cf. δοκεῖ δὲ καὶ τοῖς Πυθαγορείοις (sc. τὸ τετράγωνον) εἰκόνα φέρειν τῆς θείας οὐσίας (the image of the divine nature) Proclus on Euclidis Elem. p. 48 G, Boeckh Philolaus, 155. When τετράγωνος occurs later in the sense of our passage, it is a play on the verse of Simonides. So Arist. Rhet. iii. II τὸν ἀγαθὸν ἄνδρα φάναι εἶναι τετράγωνον μεταφορά: ἄμφω γὰρ τέλεια. Somewhat differently Varro (Pliny N. H. 34. 19) calls the figures (signa) of Polycletus quadrata, in contrast to those of Lysippus. Cf. in quadrum redigere.

μεμεληκός: cf. Soph. 227 a τῇ τῶν λόγων μεθόδῳ σπογγιστικῆς φαρμακοποσίας οὐδὲν ἧττον οὐδέ τι μᾶλλον τυγχάνει μέλον the dialectical art concerns itself neither less nor more with the use of the sponge than with the taking of physic. — The usual impers. const. of μέλει is retained in the partic. with τυγχάνει.

δοκεῖ δέ σοι κτἑ.: this then is the ἐρώτημα περὶ ἀρετῆς proposed above.

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