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διαιρεῖν: this was just Prodicus's art. Cf. 340 a.

βαρβάρῳ: the Aeolic dialect might, in the time of Socrates and Plato, sound so strange to the Athenians, as to be termed, from an exclusive pride in the Attic literary style, βάρβαρος. Cf. Eust. on the Il., p. 279. 36 ἐκωμῳδοῦντο (were ridiculed) δέ, φασίν, οἱ Ἐρετριεῖς ὡς πολλῷ τῷ ρ_ ἐν ταῖς ὁμιλίαις χρώμενοι. διὸ καὶ αὐτοί, καθὰ καὶ Ἠλεῖοι, βαρβαρόφωνοι ἐκαλοῦντο, ὡς ἐν ῥητορικῷ εὕρηται λεξικῷ. In the Cratylus, words and forms of the Aeolic and Doric dialects are often called ξενικά, i.e. 401 b. This judgment might without improbability be ascribed to Prodicus, who naturally spoke Attic, and to Simonides, whose language varied little from the Attic.

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    • Plato, Protagoras, 340a
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