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νέμονται: many temples had herds of cattle belonging to them, which roamed at will over the sacred fields. Cf. Plutarch Lucull. c. 24 βόες ἱεραὶ νέμονται Περσίας Ἀρτέμιδος: χρῶνται δὲ ταῖς βουσὶ πρὸς θυσίαν μόνον, ἄλλως δὲ πλάζονται κατὰ τὴν χώραν ἄφετοι, Arrian An. vii. 20. 4 νέμεσθαί τε τὴν νῆσον αἰξί τε ἀγρίαις καὶ ἐλάφοις καὶ ταύτας ἀνεῖσθαι (let range) ἀφέτους τῇ Ἀρτέμιδι, Periplus Ponti Eux. 22 καὶ τῶν ἱερείων τὰ μὲν καταθύειν, τὰ δὲ ἀφιέναι τῷ Ἀχιλλεῖ. Hence ἄφετον νέμεσθαι means range at will without oversight. Cf. Plato Rep. vi. 498 c τότε ἤδη ἀφέτους νέμεσθαι καὶ μηδὲν ἄλλο πράττειν.

Clinias, the father of Alcibiades and Clinias, fell at Coronea 447 B.C. The guardianship of these sons was assumed by Ariphron and Pericles, whose mother Agariste was first cousin to Megacles, the father of Clinias's widow, Dinomache (cf. Plut. Alc. 1). The sons probably lived, however, with their mother Dinomache in their father's house. Pericles directed the separation on Alcibiades's coming of age, in 433 B.C.

δή: indicates (with a goodnatured thrust at Alcibiades who was present) that the apprehension of Pericles was quite natural and reasonable.

καταθέμενος: deposit, place in one's keeping. Cf. 314 a, Legg. xi. 913 c μὴ κατέθου, μὴ ἀνέλῃ, Thuc. i. 115. 3 Ἀθηναῖοι ὁμήρους ἔλαβον καὶ κατέθεντο ἐς Αῆμνον.—

ἐν Ἀρίφρονος: for the ellipsis, see on 326 c.

καί: paratactic. “Although Pericles had separated Clinias from Alcibiades, yet he soon gave him back to him.” καί is often thus used. Cf. Soph. O. T. 413 σὺ καὶ δέδορκας, κοὐ βλέπεις ἵν᾽ εἶ κακοῦ (i.e. although you have sight, you see not in what evil you are involved).

γεγονέναι: of time, elapse. Cf. Rep. X. 616 b ἐπειδὴ δὲ τοῖς ἐν τῷ λειμῶνι (meadow) ἑκάστοις ἑπτὰ ἡμέραι γένοιντο, Phaedo 108 c ἕως ἂν δή τινες χρόνοι γένωνται.—

ἀπέδωκε τούτῳ: sc. Pericles to Alcibiades. For the prominent thought is the failure (ἀποσπάσας ἀπὸ τούτου) of Pericles to carry out the education of Clinias.

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  • Commentary references from this page (2):
    • Plato, Protagoras, 314a
    • Plato, Protagoras, 326c
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