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γέρα κτλ. Special privileges seem to have been awarded at Sparta for bravery in the field (cf. Tyrtaeus Fr. 12. 35—44): it is certain at all events that cowardice was visited with every mark of disgrace (Xen. Rep. Lac. 9. 4—6 and other references in Gilbert's Gk. Const. Ant. E. T. p. 77). γέρα must be nominative, and δοτέον passive, in spite of its singular number: cf. Symp. 188 B πάχναι καὶ χάλαζαι καὶ ἐρυσῖβαι— γίγνεται. Examples like Crat. 410 C αἱ μὲν δὴ ὧραι Ἀττικιστὶ ὡς τὸ παλαιὸν ῥητέον (cited by Schneider and others) are not to the point, because αἱ—ὧραι means τὸ ὄνομα ‘αἱ ὦραι.’ It is scarcely possible to take δοτέον as active, and understand from it a passive δοτέα with ἐξουσία, because the connexion between γέρα, ἆθλα, and ἐξουσία—note ἄλλα τε καὶ κτλ.—is too close to permit of γέρα being in the accusative case. ἐπὶ τούτων. For the construction cf. Dem. F. L. 298 τοὺς ἐπὶ τῆς πολιτείας ἐφεστηκότας and de Cor. 247 τοὺς ἐπὶ τῶν πραγμάτων. ἀμφότερα. q and some other MSS read ἀμφότεραι, which is quite wrong: cf. Lach. 187 A πείθωμεν ἢ δώροις ἢ χάρισιν ἢ ἀμφότερα. καὶ ἀρχαί: sc. as well as the other duties of guardians. It has not yet been specifically said that magistracies are to be open to women as well as men. J. and C. observe that “Plato seems to betray a certain consciousness that the office immediately in question might be specially suitable for women.’ Kindred duties are actually assigned to a female vigilance committee in Laws 784 A, 794 A ff.
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