previous next
89. 1. οἱ γάρ—now begins the so-called πεντηκονταετία, or sketch of the growth of Athenian power in the half century between the battle of Mycale (479 B. C.) and the beginning of the war (431 B.C.). This sketch continues to c. 118. 2; and it consists of two parts: (1) to c. 96—how they obtained the leadership (ἡγεμονία)—or, as he says here, ἦλθον ἐπὶ τὰ πράγματα ἐν οἷς ηὐξήθησαν; (2) to c. 118—how the leadership was transformed into an empire—ἐν οἵῳ τρόπῳ κατέστη ἀρχή), c. 97. 2.

[2] 4. ναυσί—Salamis (480). πεζῷ—Plataea (479).

7. διεφθάρησαν — by Leotychides, the Spartan king, and Xanthippus, father of Pericles.

11. οἱ ... ξύμμαχοι—probably there was no formal treaty, but ξύμμαχοι is used because they were fighting side by side with the Athenians. (There is no need to remove ξύμμαχοι with Wilamowitz.)

14. ἐπιχειμάσαντες—the winter of 479-478 B C. The history of Herodotus ends with the fall of Sestos.

[3] 19. εὐθύς—in autumn of 479.

ὅθεν = ἐκεῖθεν οἷ. Cf. Soph. Trach. 701 ἐκ δὲ γῆς ὅθεν | προύκειτ᾽, ἀναζέουσι, from the earth where it was strewn, for ὅπου. The omission of antecedent before ὅθεν is not very rare; e.g 2.94 τροπαῖον ἔστησαν ὅθεν ἀναγαγόμενοι ἐκράτησαν, for ἐνταῦθα ὅθεν. The places are Salamis, Troezen and Aegina.

21. κατασκευήνstock, goods, of all kinds.

22. ἀνοικοδομεῖν—in the autumn of 479.

24. βραχέαonly a small remnant, of the wall round the city left by the Persians.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License.

An XML version of this text is available for download, with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system.

hide References (6 total)
  • Commentary references from this page (6):
    • Thucydides, Histories, 1.118
    • Thucydides, Histories, 1.118.2
    • Thucydides, Histories, 1.96
    • Thucydides, Histories, 1.97.2
    • Thucydides, Histories, 2.94
    • Sophocles, Trachiniae, 701
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: