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τὴν τύχην: this is the ruling power which affects men's lives without their own action, and is believed by the pious to be dependent upon τὸ θεῖον. Its special manifestations are the τύχαι. Cf. c. 102. 2. See Introd. to Book I., p. 29. What is, in c. 102. 2, expressed by κοιναί in connexion with τύχαι is here, with τύχη itself, denoted by ἀπὸ τοῦ ἴσου: “not preferring either of the contending parties.”

ἐκ τοῦ θείου: cf. c. 112. 7.—ὅσιοι: this is the only instance of the pers. use of this word in Thuc., god-fearing, observant of the divine ordinances (the ὅσια of i. 71. 25; ii. 52. 11, and the ὅσιον of iii. 84. 14) upon which human society is based, and the chief of which is the δίκαιον which the Melians have called (in c. 90. 3) τὸ κοινὸν ἀγαθόν. The opposites of the ὅσιοι are therefore plainly called οὐ δίκαιοι, although the Athenians are not mentioned by name.

ἱστάμεθα: this word is used esp. of warlike opposition. Cf. i. 33. 22; 53. 6; iii. 39. 13.—τῷ ἐλλείποντι: const. with προσέσεσθαι, and take ἡμῖν as dat. of interest, nearly equiv. to the possessive gen., “their alliance will supplement our deficiency.”

αἰσχύνῃ: from a feeling of honour. Cf. iv. 19. 15.—οὐ παντάπασιν οὕτως ἀλόγως: “not altogether so foolish as you may suppose.” See on c. 59. 17 and ii. 11. 24.

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