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The Heracleans of Trachis are defeated by the neighbouring tribes.

Ἡρακλεώταις: Heraclea in Trachis was founded in 426 B.C. See iii. 92.

Μηλιᾶς: see App.

προσοικοῦντα: in pred. position, gives the reason for πολέμια ἦν. Being neighbours of the Heracleans they felt that the town was dangerous to them. The same idea is expressed by ὧν ἐπὶ τῇ γῇ ἐκτίζετο, iii. 93. 7, where the foundation of Heraclea is described.

ἐτειχίσθη: τειχίζειν of the fortified settlement, as in iii. 92. 24.

καθισταμένῃ: pass. like καθίστασθαι, iii. 92. 14.

φθείροντες: denotes continued destructive action. Cf. ἔφθειρον, iii. 93. 8.—ἐνίκησαν: aor., expressing the momentary result without regard to further consequences. See on i. 29. 19.

Κνίδιος: gen. of Κνῖδις. Cf. iv. 107. 11, Γοάξιος. Meineke (Hermes 3, p. 363) suggests Κνιδίου. The name is uncertain. Xenares is doubtless the ephor of c. 36. 7.

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