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Our confidence is naturally increased by the favourable answer of the oracle.

ἐς ὅσον:=ἐς τοσοῦτον ἐς ὅσον. So ὅσον alone, iii.11.10.

τοῖς νῦν: neut., opposed to τὰ προγεγενημένα and τὰ μέλλοντα. So in 3, τοῖς παροῦσι. Cf. c. 132. 8.—ἔπειτα: in the future, as in iii.39.43; often ἐςτὸἔπειτα in this sense. Cf. c. 130. 10; ii.64.27; iv.64.21.

τοῖς παροῦσι βοηθοῦντας: through the support of what exists. So with dat. of thing, 13; c. 140. 8; ii.63.2.—ἐπιταλαιπωρεῖν: to labour yet more. Cf. Plat. Rep. 540 b. The force of ἐπι- as in ἐπιχρῆσθαι, c. 41. 4; ἐπιτέχνησις, c. 71. 12; ἐπιμανθάνειν, c. 138. 12; ἐπικτᾶσθαι, c. 144. 2; iv.61.2; ἐπικρατῆσαι, c. 121. 4.

ὑμῖν: in reference to the character of the Dorian race, and especially of the Lacedaemonians.—τὰς ἀρετάς: the fruits of uirtue, whether in reputation, as in c. 33. 12, or in services to others, as in iii.53.20.

εἰ ἄρα: even if it is really true that.

ἐξουσίᾳ: such freedom of action as results from the possession of means. Cf. c. 38. 13; iii.45.17.—προφέρετε: see on c. 93. 13; sc. τῶν πατέρων.

ἐκτήθη : this aor. always pass. Cf. ii.36.12. The pf. also is pass. in ii.62.22; vii.70.52.

κατὰ πολλά: three reasons are given in τοῦ τε θεοῦ κτἑ., καὶ τῆς ἄλλης κτἑ., σπονδάς τε κτἑ. (cf. c. 33. § 1; 76. 12), though the last is in a changed construction.—χρήσαντος: see c. 118. 21. Thuc. uses the verb in this sense only in aor. Cf. c. 134. 19; ii.102.30; v.16.23; 32. 6; in iii.96.3, the pass. χρησθέν.

τῆς ἄλλης Ἑλλάδος: including what is still free, as well as the subject-allies of the Athenians. To the former belongs φόβῳἵνα μὴ δουλωθῇ, Schol.); to the latter, ὠφελίᾳ, i.e. of gaining their freedom. The dat. for ἐπ᾽ ὠφελίᾳ (i.73.14; cf. κέρδει, vii.57.55) is due to analogy of φόβῳ.

σπονδάς: without art. Cf. c. 53. 4.

παραβεβάσθαι: this and similar pass. forms of compounds of βαίνειν, which are rare, or not found in other Attic writers, are freq. in Thuc. Cf. iii.45.13; 67. 25; iv.23.6; 30. 20; viii.98.13.—ἠδικημέναις: there is no example of ἀδικεῖν σπονδάς, yet it is justified by the connexion=ἀδίκως παραβαίνειν. It is really a personification of Σπονδαί; “you will vindicate its insulted majesty.” This clause is introduced parenthetically by way of encouragement, the following λύουσι γὰρ κτἑ. giving the reason of what precedes.

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