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War is decided on, and the preparations are begun.

τοιαῦτα...εἶπον : regularly μέν is used in this formula (cf. c. 36. 22; 72. 1), as δέ in summing up an opposing speech (cf. c. 44. 1; 79. 1). Here μέν is omitted by the best Mss. In ii.65.1; 72. 1; 75. 1; iv.11.1; 65. 1; 93. 1; 96. 1; 127. 1, which Cl. refers to as similar to the present case, the partic. const. forbids the use of μέν.

γνώμην : as ψῆφον in c. 87. 13, in collective sense without art. Cf. c. 128. 28; ii.2.24; 86. 17; iii.92.11; iv.125.20; vii.72.8. With this ἀφ᾽ ἁπάντων is to be more closely connected than with ἤκουσαν. Cf. iii.36.24; vi.76.3.—ἐπήγαγον: see on c. 87. 13.

ἐψηφίσαντο: with subj., τὸ πλῆθος. Cf. c. 24. 9; 34. 5; 89. 14; vi.4.27.

δεδογμένον: see on c. 2. 8. The pf. partic. of a resolution adopted without causal connexion with what follows; δόξαν, when such a relation exists (cf. v.65.10; viii.79.2; 93. 7); δοκοῦν, used of an existing conviction which leads to no resolution (iv.125.3).—ἀδύνατα: see on c. 7. 2.— 6. ἐκπορίζεσθαι: cf. c. 82. 11; vi.83.9.—ἑκάστους: this is Nattmann's conjecture for ἑκάστοις, adopted by Cl. because the resolution was taken by the collective body, which the particular states were to execute. But no other recent editor has adopted this conjecture.

πρόσφορα: to the purpose. Cf. ii.46.2; 65. 47; vii.62.10; rare in Attic prose.—μὴ εἶναι: cf. the pregnant use of εἶναι with neg., c. 2. 5; 49. 11; delay must not be allowed.ὅμως δὲ κτἑ.: “in spite of the resolution not to delay there was spent by them making needful preparations not indeed a full year, but somewhat less.” Cf. Hdt. vii. 39, τὴν μὲν ἀξίαν οὐ λάμψεαι, ἐλάσσω δὲ τῆς ἀξίης. If the twofold proceedings at Sparta (c. 67-87 and c. 118-125) are compressed as closely as possible after the battle at Potidaea (c. 62), in Sept. 432, the final resolution cannot be placed earlier than October; and since the invasion of Attica took place in June, 431 (see on ii.2.7; 19. 4), seven or eight months must have been spent in preparation. For καθισταμένοις=παρασκευαζομένοις, cf. ii.6.3; 94. 11; iii.28.17; v.12.5.

τὸν πόλεμον...φανερῶς : in distinction from the partial breach of the truce by the Thebans in the attack on Plataea, which took place 80 days before (ii. 19. § 1). See Vömel, Frankf. Herbstpr. 1845, p. 8.

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