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Ambassadors of the Athenians, who were accidentally at Sparta, seek to withhold the Lacedaemonians from an over-hasty decision.

τῶν δὲ Ἀθηναίων...ἔτυχε γάρ : the inclination of the earlier usage to place causal sentences in parataxis with the principal clause (see on c. 31. 7) leads sometimes to an involved structure whereby strict grammatical sequence is interrupted. In c. 37. 7; 57. 16; iii.70.11; 107. 16; etc., the grammatical connexion is not violated; but in iv.132.7 the δέ interferes with it. In this passage and c. 115. 15; Hdt. ii.101.1; iv.200.5 the structure is impaired by the gen., which depends on the inserted clause: as by the dat. in viii.30.2; Hdt. i.24.17; ix.109.7. In all these passages there is a clear anacoluthon. καί, 3, is bracketed by v. H. and Kr.

τῶν λόγων: see on c. 57. 14.

παριτητέα: for the pl., see on c. 7. 2; 59. 4; for the form, Kr. Spr. 38, 3, 6; for the meaning, see on c. 67. 12, and cf. 15.

ἀπολογησομένους: following αὐτοῖς. See on c. 31. 10.

δηλῶσαι δέ: though opp. to μηδὲν ἀπολογησομένους, the inf. is controlled by ἔδθξε, whereby it is more energetic. So also περὶ τοῦ παντός points to the importance of the question. Cf. c. 126. 26; 132. 23; v.30.6; viii.79.12.

ὡς...εἴη : βουλευτέον is from either βουλεύειν or βουλεύεσθαι (see on c. 85. 5): that they ought to come to no over-hasty decision.ἐν πλείονι: temporal, as διὰ πλείονος, c. 124. 13; ἐκ πλείονος, iv.42.15; 103. 13; v.82.9; viii.91.1.

τὴν πόλιν: proleptic. See on c. 23. 23; 26. 6.—εβούλοντο: needlessly rejected by Cobet, ad Hyper. p. 67, who did not see that νομίζοντες in 11 requires it.

καὶ ὑπόμνησιν...ἦσαν : τε is used with τοῖς πρεσβυτέροις as if for τοῖς νεωτέροις another noun, ἐξήγησιν, were not required. Cf. iv.52.5; Xen. An. i.2.21. But Cobet places τοῖς τε πρεσβυτέροις before ὑπόμνησιν.

ἐκ τῶν λόγων : under the influence of their arguments: stronger than ἀπὸ τῶν λόγων, vi.19.6.

τοῖς Λακεδαιμονίοις: i.e. τοῖς ἐν τέλει τῶν Λακεδαιμονίων, i.e. the Ephors.—ἐς τὸ πλῆθος εἰπεῖν: cf. iv.58.9; v.45.3; vi.41.13; 89. 1.

εἴ τι μή: unusual order for εἰ μή τι, which Cobet would read.—ἀποκωλύῃ: see App. But most editors read the indic. Cf. Xen. An. iv.8.4, εἰ μή τι κωλύει, ἐθέλω διαλεχθῆναι.— 15. ἐπιέναι : (ἐπέρχεσθαι) here, as in c. 90. 29; 91. 16; 119. 9; iii.52.24, of appearing before an assembly or magistrate, particularly of foreigners: παριέναι, specifically of coming forward to speak.—ἔλεγον: on the tense, see GMT. § 11, N. 5; H. 831. But “the impf. has only to do with the vision of the narrator.” B. L. G., Am. J. of Ph. IV. 160.

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