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Reasons why the following brief narrative of exents between the Persian and Peloponnesian wars is inserted.

αὐτονόμων: pred.=ἐφ̓ ᾧτε αὐτοὺς αὐτονόμους εἶναι.

τὸ πρῶτον : belongs to αὐτονόμων.

ἀπό : cf. c. 91. 28.—βουλευόντων: see on c. 85. 5.— 3. τοσάδε ἐπῆλθον: with these words Thuc. passes from the beginning of the Athenian hegemony, narrated in c. 89-96, to the history of its development, during the so-called πεντηκονταετία, c. 98-117. This he presents in three aspects: (1) πρὸς τὸν βάρβαρον, (2) πρὸς τοὺς σφετέρους ξυμμάχους νεωτερίζοντας, (3) πρὸς τοὺς ἀεὶ προστυγχάνοντας Πελοποννησίων.

ἐπῆλθον : implies a systematic progress; they undertook the following (τοσάδε) series of enterprises.διαχειρίσει: more forcible than διοικήσει; it appears not to occur again till the later rhetoricians, Aristides, Libanius, etc. It implies civil administration of all kinds, especially of finance, as Harpocr. describes the Ἑλληνοταμίαι as those οἳ διεχείριζον τὰ χρήματα. Ullrich, Hell. Kr. p. 12.

πραγμάτων: includes all political measures, external and internal, which exalted the power of Athens.—μεταξὺ κτἑ.: with inversion of the order of time; see on c. 118. 6. So in relations of place, ii.77.10; iii.29.6; v.66.5; vi.72.2; viii.88.10; 108. 3.

ἐγένετο αὐτοῖς: refers to τοσάδε,= ὑπ̓ αὐτῶν ἐπράχθη.

ἐν ἑκάστῳ : neut.,=ἐν ἑκάστῳ πράγματι ἐγένετο, referring to the various attempts of the allies to regain independence, of which examples are found in c. 114 ff.

ἔγραψα κτἑ.: on the aor., see on c. I. 1. The second expression is a more precise extension of the first.—αὐτά: see on c. I. 10; 22. 15; 26. 16.

ἐκβολήν:=the later διέξοδος, παρέκβασις: excessus, egressio; Quint. iii.9.4; probably not used elsewhere by Attic writers, but recurring in Arrian, Dio C., and Plut. So ἐκλιπές in 9.

χωρίον: locus, pars narrationis. Cf. Lycurg. 31.

ξυνετίθεσαν: see on c. 21. 4.

τούτων: refers to αὐτά, 7, and this is also subj. of ἔχει in 13.—ὅσπερ καὶ ἥψατο: see on c. 15. 7. Cf. c. 105. 17; ii.51.5; iv.98.9; vi.87.15.—τῇ Ἀττικῇ ξυγγραφῇ: called in the citations of grammarians Ἀτθίς and Ἀτθίδες. With the oldest legends it included historical notices reaching down to the end of the Peloponnesian war. See C. Müller, Frag. Hist. Graec. I. p. xxiv. ff., who gives his dates B.C. 482-397.

αμα δὲ καί: refers to διὰ τόδε, 8.

ἀπόδειξιν ἔχει : sc. αὐτά, 7. “These events disclose the way in which the power of Athens was established.” ἔχει=παρέχει. Cf. c. 140. 27; ii.61.9; 87. 3; iii.53.12; iv.95.3; 126. 17, 23. For ἀπόδειξιν, cf. Hdt. i. 11.— τῆς ἀρχῆς...ἐν οἵῳ τρόπῳ κατέστη : see on c. 23. 27. For ἐν, cf. c. 77. 2; 130. 5; vii.67.15.

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