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Expeditions of the Athenians against Eïon, Scyros, Carystus, and Naxos, which was the first of the allies to lose its independence.

On the chronology of this period, see App.

Ἠιόνα: which commands the mouth of the Strymon, became the Athenian base for further operations in Thrace.—Μήδων ἐχόντων: see on c. 89. 10. On the gallant resistance of the Persian governor Boges, see Hdt. vii. 107.

ἠνδραπόδισαν: properly of the inhabitants. The mid. form occurs once, in iv.48.21; elsewhere the act.

καὶ ᾤκισαν αὐτοί: to be referred to both the preceding places, since Eïon undoubtedly was occupied by Athenian cleruchs. For such a new settlement ᾤκισαν is the proper term. Cf. vi.3.12; and see on c. 4. 3.

Καρυστίους: on the southern coast of Euboea; the only place of the island which had not yet joined the league. Kirchhoff, Herm. 11, p. 20.— 6. καὶ χρόνῳ ξυνέβησαν: change of subj. in parataxis. Cf. c. 26. 16; 61. 1. From this time Euboea seems to have remained quietly in the Athenian alliance till 445, c. 114. MüllerStrübing, p. 85.

ἐπολέμησαν: at the time that Themistocles made his way to Asia, c. 137. § 2.

παρεστήσαντο: see on c. 29. 22.—πρώτη τε αὕτη πόλις ξυμμαχίς: see on c. I. 8; but here and in vii.85.17, the sup. stands first. The subj. is αὕτη alone, and πόλις ξυμμαχίς stands in a pred. relation, which approximates to a gen. pl. For τε, cf. c. 4. 5; 5. 19; 92. 7.

τὸ καθεστηκός: the established arrangement as described in c. 96; here abs. as in vii.67.10. Cf. c. 76. 11; iv.97.10.— ἐδουλώθη: as δουλεία, c. 8. 15, of political subjection. See on this relation, Böckh, Publ. Econ. p. 530.

ὡς ἑκάστῃ ξυνέβη: indicates the varying circumstances under which the same fate befell different places.

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