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Before they can embark, they are attacked by the Thebans, who had rushed to the rescue, and a large number is killed.

1. αἰσθόμενοι: without obj. expressed, referring to what precedes. See on i.95.21.—καταλαβόντες προκεχωρηκότας: finding that they had gone forward, i.e. on the retreat toward the coast. καταλαμβάνειν in the sense find, discover (deprehendo), takes regularly the partie. pres. or pf., never aor., since only existing states can be in question. G. 279, 2; II. 982. See on i.59.3.

αὐτοὺς φοβήσαντες: putting them to flight. Cf. c. 79. 23; iv.56.6.

ἤγαγεν: ἄγειν of ships, as in c. 25. 4; iii.70.8; iv.27.10.

6. τοὺς πλείστους: closely connected with ἐν τῇ ἐσβάσει. The sense is, most of those who were killed fell at the time of the embarkation. τοὺς πλείστους cannot refer here to the majority of the whole number, as is proved by ξύμπαντες . . . ἀπέθανον in 14. For πλεῖστοι in this sense, cf. iv.44.7 and Hdt. viii.89.9.—οὔτε ἐπισταμένους...τῶν τε...ὁρμισάντων : on the connexion of parties. in different cases by copulative particles, see Kr. Spr. 56, 14, 2.

ἔξω τοξεύματος: without doubt the correct reading, although the Mss. have mostly ἔξω ζεύγματος. See App.

ἐπεί κτἑ.: gives the cause of the above ἀποκτείνουσιν αὐτῶν ἐν τῇ ἐσβάσει τοὺς πλείστους: “for elsewhere (ἐν τῇ ἄλλῃ ἀναχωρήσει) on the retreat they lost not so many men, since they knew how to defend themselves not unskilfully.”

οὐκ ἀτόπως: Schol., οὐκ ἀκόσμως. It belongs with the following description of the fighting.— 11. ἐν ἐπιχωρίῳ τάξει: after the manner of fighting of their country (προεκθεῖν and ξυστρέφεσθαι), which they used οὐκ ἀτόπως. Cf. Hdt. ix.62.14, προεξαΐσσοντες κατ̓ ἕνα καὶ δέκα, καὶ πλεῦνές τε καὶ ἐλάσσονες συστρεφόμενοι, ἐσέπιπτον ἐς τοὺς Σπαρτιήτας.

ἐν τούτῳ : i.e. ἐν τῷ προεκθέοντας καὶ ξυστρεφομένους τὴν φυλακὴν ποιεῖσθαι.

ἐγκαταληφθέν : i.e. since in their greed for plunder they had allowed themselves to be surprised. Cf. iv.8.43; 35. 6; v.3.6.—οἱ ξύμπαντες: all together. See on c. 1. 31. Was Diitrephes among the slain? See App.

16. ἐς εἴκοσι μάλιστα: about twenty. See Kühn. 432, 1, 1 b; Kr. Spr. 60, 8, 1.

τῶν βοιωταρχῶν: the whole number of Boeotarchs was eleven, of whom two were from Thebes, the rest (in unknown proportion) from the remaining cities. Cf. iv.91.4. See Boeckh, ad Corp. Inscr. I. 729, and Hermann, Griech. StaatsAlterthümer, § 179, note 10.

18. τῶν Μυκαλησσίων: i.e. of the armed citizens who had joined in the pursuit with the Thebans.—μέρος τι: a considerable part. Cf. i.23.16; ii.64.7; iv.30.2.

τὰ κατὰ τὴν Μυκαλησσὸν...τοιαῦτα ξυνέβη : cf. similar concluding sents. in iii.50.13, τὰ κατὰ Λέσβον οὕτως ἐγένετο; iii.68.30, τὰ κατὰ Πλάταιαν . . . οὕτως ἐτελεύτησεν. Cf. also iv. 48. § 5. Cl. thinks, with St., that Reiske's emendation, χρησαμέν ην for χρησαμένων, is necessary, esp. on account of the following ὡς ἐπὶ μεγέθει. This is doubtless better, though the Schol. has χρησαμένων: τῶν Μυκαλησσίων δηλονότι.— 20. ὡς ἐπὶ μεγέθει: sc. τῆς πόλεως, in proportion to the size (of the city). Cf. iii.113.25, ὡς πρὸς τὸ μέγεθος τῆς πόλεως.

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