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Nicias tries by an address to raise the sinking courage of his troops.

1. ἐν μεγάλῃ μεταβολῇ ὄν: in consequence of the μέγιστον διάφορον of c. 75. 38.

ἐπιπαριών: i.e. coming up to and going along the ranks, which were already setting off. Cf. iv.94.11; vi.67.19.—ὡς ἐκ τῶν ὑπαρχόντων: as well as possible under the circumstances. See on c. 74. 4, ὡς ἐκ τῶν δυνατῶν.

ἔτι μᾶλλον : i.e. than before the last battle, c. 69. 9 ff.

ἑκάστοις: dat. governed by βοῇ χρώμενος = ἐπιβοῶν, c. 70. 44.

ὡς ἐπὶ πλεῖστον γεγωνίσκων: “raising his voice so as to be heard as far as possible.” γεγωνίσκειν only here in Thuc., otherwise poetic. Cf. Aesch. Prom. 627; Eur. El. 809. Cf. ii.34.24, ὅπως ἀκούοιτο ὡς ἐπὶ πλεῖστον.

ὠφελεῖν τι : so Vat., the rest of the Mss. simply ὠφελεῖν, beginning the following chap. with ἔτι. ὠφελεῖν τι is very appropriate here where the utmost effort to effect some good is described. The const. is the same as in ὠφελεῖν μέγα, πλεῖστα, οὐδέν.

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