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ἡ...πρόφασις the (real) occasion: cp. Thuc. I. 23, τὴν ἀληθεστάτην πρόφασιν. But below § 26 ἡ πρόφασις is the (false) pretext. πρόφασις is a cause alleged — truly or untruly. τῆς Μηθυμναίας Μηθύμνη (Molivo) on N.W. coast of Lesbos. Thuc. III. 2, Λέσβος πλὴν Μηθύμνης ἀπέστη. The land of Methymna was not confiscated by Athens after the revolt (III. 50): and in VII. 57 its people are φόρῳ οὐχ ὑπήκοοι — an exemption shared in 415 B.C. only by Chios (VI. 85). [τὸν Ἡρώδην A manifest gloss, which a comma after αὐτὸν fails to make tolerable. πεποιημένος Cp. Tetr. Β. β. § 8, τετιμωρημένος.
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