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ἀτείχιστοι Sparta was not a town in the proper sense, but a group of hamlets (οὐ ξυνοικισθεῖσα πόλις...κατὰ κώμας δὲ οἰκισθεῖσα: Thuc. I. 10). In the Macedonian period it acquired walls; and Polybius describes Sparta as circular in form (σχήματι περιφερής, v. 22), having a circumference of about six miles — rather less than that of Megalopolis (IX. 21).

προορᾶσθαι depending on ἐλπίς, this might mean there is hope (1) that they are now providing, or (2) that they will continue to provide, — προορᾶσθαι differing from προόψεσθαι or προιδεῖν (ἄν) by expressing that the vigilance is to be sustained: and this is the sense here. See Goodwin § 15, n. 2.

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    • Thucydides, Histories, 1.10
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