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§§ 14 — 24.

τὰς ἰσότητας ‘Now Oligarchies and Democracies aim at conditions of equality for all who participate in the franchise, and the principle which they approve is that no one should be permitted to have the advantage of his neighbour’. τὰς ἰσότητας, plur., because the two forms of ‘civic equality’ are different: οἱ μετέχοντες τῆς πολιτείας are in the one case the many, in the other the few. Cp. Thuc. III. 62, ὀλιγαρχία ἰσόνομος, i.e. constitutional oligarchy, opp. to a δυναστεία.

τό γε βούλημα ‘the intention’, — that to which its theory points, — that which it purposes to achieve. Plat. Laws 769 D, ἆρ᾽ οὐ τοιοῦτον δοκεῖ σοι τὸ τοῦ νομοθέτου βούλημ̓ εἶναι; Arist. Pol. VI [IV] 2. § 1 (speaking of ἀριστοκρατία and βασιλεία), βούλεται γὰρ ἑκατέρα κατ᾽ ἀρετὴν συνεστάναι κεχορηγημένην: and De Anim. Gen. IV. ad fin., βούλεται μὲν οὖν φύσις (tends) — οὐκ ἀκριβοῖδέ, ‘but does not attain a perfect result’.

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    • Thucydides, Histories, 3.62
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