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Πεδάριτος When Chios revolted from Athens in 412 B.C., Pedaritus was posted there as Spartan governor: Thuc. VIII. 28. Soon afterwards the Athenians set about fortifying Delphinion, a promontory on the E. coast, ib. 38. Pedaritus — who received no support from the Spartan fleet at Rhodes under Astyochus — attacked Delphinion with a small force. He was defeated and slain, Thuc. VIII. 55. The words here, then — εἰς Χίον εἰσπλεύσας τὴν πόλιν διέσωσε — convey an inaccurate impression. Pedaritus did, indeed, hold out in Chios for a year, but his command ended disastrously. — Attic Orators, II. 198. Βρασίδας The majority in Amphipolis were loyal to Athens, and it was only by offering the most favourable terms that he enticed the place to capitulate (423 B.C.): Grote VI. 559. Thuc. IV. 106. — ἐνίκησε: at the battle of Amphipolis (422 B.C.), in which both Brasidas and Cleon were killed. — ὀλίγους: Brasidas made his sally against the retreating Athenians with a mere handful of men, — ἀπολεξάμενος...πεντήκοντα καὶ ἑκατὸν ὁπλίτας, Thuc. v. 8. — τῶν πολιορκουμένων: not inhabitants of Amphipolis, as the phrase suggests, but the Peloponnesian troops shut up in it: Thuc. l.c. Γύλιππος Nicias having omitted to invest Syracuse in 415 B.C., Gylippus was able to enter it in 414, and in 413 crushed the Athenian force in the last sea-fight. δύναμιν τὴν κρατοῦσαν αὐτῶν, i.e. ἣ ἐκράτει, the Athenian force which was overmastering the Syracusans — against which, alone, they could not cope. — καὶ κατὰ γῆν, κ.τ.λ., with ἔλαβεν, alluding to (1) the sea-fight, (2) the defeat and surrender of the force retreating by land: Thuc. VII. 70, 84.
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