Anti'ochus Xiii. or Anti'ochus Asiaticus
king of SYRIA, surnamed ASIATICUS (Ἀσιατικός
), and on coins Dionysus Philopator Callinicus (Διόνυσος Φιλοπάτωρ Καλλίνικος
), was the son of Antiochus X. and Selene, an Egyptian princess.
He repaired to Rome during the time that Tigranes had possession of Syria, and passed through Syria on his return during the government of Verres. (B. C. 73-71.) On the defeat of Tigranes in B. C. 69, Lucullus allowed Antiochus Asiaticus to take possession of the kingdom; but he was deprived of it in B. C. 65 by Pompey, who reduced Sicily to a Roman province.
In this year the Seleucidae ceased to reign. (Appian, App. Syr. 49
; Cic. in Verr.
4.27, 28, 30; Justin, 40.2
.) Some writers suppose, that Antiochus Asiaticus afterwards reigned as king of Commagene, but there are not sufficient reasons to support this opinion. [ANTIOCHUS I., king of Commagene.]
For the history and chronology of the Syrian kings in general, see Fröhlich, Annales Syria, &c. ;
Vaillant, Seleucidarum Imperium, &c. ;
Niebuhr, Kleine Schriften, Historischer Gewinn aus der armenischen Uebersetzung der Chronik des Eusebius ;
Clinton, F. H.
vol. iii. Appendix, 100.3.