Oecume'nius（*Oi)koume/nios), a Greek commentator on various parts of the New Testament. Of this writer scarcely any thing is known : even the time in which he lived is not ascertained. He is cited very often in a MS. Catena in Epislolas Pauli, formerly in the Coislinian library at Paris, which Montfaucon (Biblioth. Coislin. cod. xxvii. p. 82) ascribes to the tenth century; and, as in his own Commentaries Oecumenius has cited Photius, who belongs to the latter half of the ninth century, I ardner is perhaps correct (Credib. bk. i. c. clxii.) in assigning him to the year 950. Cave's date (A. D. 990) is somewhat too late, if we can rely on Montfancon's judgment of the age of the Coislinian MS. Dupin places him in the eleventh century, later than Theophylact, which appears to be altogether too late. In a MS. cited by Montfaucon (ib. cod. ccxxiv. p. 277) he is styled bishop of Tricca in Thessaly.
WorksThe following commentaries are, or have been, ascribed to Oecumenius : --
EditionsCommentaria in Sacrosancta quatuor Christi, Evangelia, . . . Autore quidem (ut plurimi sentiant) Oecumenio interprete vero Joannie Hentenio, fol. Lovan. 1543. This is a Latin version of the Commentary now generally ascribed to Euthymius Zigabenus [EUTHYMIUS ZIGABENUS]. Hentenius himself seems to have been convinced of the authorship of Euthymius very soon after the publication of the work, and after a few months added to the copies not issued a new title-page, with the date 1544 and an Admonitio Studioso Lectori, vindicating the claim of Euthymius. This version has been repeatedly reprinted. It may be as well here to correct the statement given elsewhere [EUTHYMIUS], that this commentary has been published only in Latin. The Greek text was published by C. F. Matthaei, in 3 vols. 8vo., Leipzig, 1792. Comparatively few copies of the edition of Hentenius, in the original form, appear to have got abroad, and few writers appear to have been aware of its real date (1543), and of its having borne the name of Oecumenius on the title-pge. The editor of the Oxford edition of Cave's Historia Litteraria (1740-43), in a note.and Lardner in his Credibility, notice that Le Long had in his Bibliotheca Sacra, ascribed a Commentary on the Gospels to Oecumenius ; but they evidently knew not which was the work referred to. Fabricius merely observes that some had conjecturally ascribed the Commentary of Euthvmius to Oecumenits. Ilaniberger, with more sagacity, inferred from the Admonitio, of Hentenius, which indeed speaks plainly enough, that the work had been issued in 1543, and probably under the name of Oecumenius; but Matthaei gravely disputes the correctness of his deduction. (See Harles, not. i. ad Fabric. vol. viii. p. 344.) A copy of the work in its original form, and with the date 1543, is in the library of the British Museum. It is to be obseryed that the ascription of this commentary, either to Oecumenius or Euthymius, rests only on internal evidence. In one MS. it bears the name of Nicetas of Serrae, or, as he is usually termed, Nicetas of Heracleia; in another of Theophylact. The authorship of Euthymius is inferred from the resemblance of the work to his Commentary on the Psalms. The editor of Cave states that Oecumenius himself refers in a passage in his commentary on St. Paul's Epistles, Ad Hebraeos, 100.6, to a commentary which he had written on the Gospels, but we have not been able to find the place.
Ἐξηγήσεις εἰς τὰς πράξεις τῶν Ἀποστόλων, Enarrationes (s.Commentarii) in Acta Apostolorum, compiled from the earlier Greek fathers, especially Chrysostom, with many additions by the compiler.
Ἐξηγγ́σεις εἰς τὰς Παύλου ἐπιστολὰς πάσας, Commeatarii in Epistolas Panli omnes, of similar character to the Commentary on the Acts of the Apostles.
Ἐξηγήσεις εἰς τὰς ἑπτὰ καθολικὰς λεγομένας ἐπιστολάς, Commentarii in septem Epistolas quare Catholicae dicuntur.