2. A contemporary of Pacorus, the son of Orodes [No. I], was one of the royal cup-bearers. After Pacorus, the son of Orodes, had conquered Saxa, Antony's quaestor (B. C. 40), and had overrun a great part of Syria, Antigonus, the son of Aristobolus, applied to hmt for help to restore him to the Jewish throne.
This request was immediately complied with; and Pacorus, the cup-bearer, was sent with a large force against Jerusalem.
The city surrendered: Hyrcanus and Phasael were taken prisoners, and Herod fled to Rome. (J. AJ 14.13
. B. Jad.
1.13; comp HYRCANUS. p. 544. b.) Dio Cassius, who makes no mention of Pacorns, the cup-bearer, attributes this expedition to the soil of Orodes (48.26); and Tacitus in like manner speaks of Jerusalem having been taken by the king Pacorus (Hist.
5.9); but the authority of Josephus on all matters relating to Jewish history is superior to that of these historians.