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2. A contemporary of Pacorus, the son of Orodes [No. I], was one of the royal cup-bearers. After Pacorus, the son of Orodes, had conquered Saxa, Antony's quaestor (B. C. 40), and had overrun a great part of Syria, Antigonus, the son of Aristobolus, applied to hmt for help to restore him to the Jewish throne. This request was immediately complied with; and Pacorus, the cup-bearer, was sent with a large force against Jerusalem. The city surrendered: Hyrcanus and Phasael were taken prisoners, and Herod fled to Rome. (J. AJ 14.13. B. Jad. 1.13; comp HYRCANUS. p. 544. b.) Dio Cassius, who makes no mention of Pacorns, the cup-bearer, attributes this expedition to the soil of Orodes (48.26); and Tacitus in like manner speaks of Jerusalem having been taken by the king Pacorus (Hist. 5.9); but the authority of Josephus on all matters relating to Jewish history is superior to that of these historians.

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40 BC (1)
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