), a surname of Athena. In Homer this name always appears united with the name Athena, as Παλλὰς Ἀθήνη
or Παλλὰς Ἀθηναίν ;
but in later writers we also find Pallas alone instead of Athena. (Pind. O. 5.21
.) Plato (Cratyl.
p. 406) derives the surname from πάλλειν
, to brandish, in reference to the goddess brandishing the spear or aegis, whereas Apollodorus (1.6.2
) derives it from the giant Pallas, who was slain by Athena.
But it is more probable that Pallas is the same word as πάλλαξ
, i. e. a virgin or maiden. (Comp. Tzetz. ad Lyc.
355.) Another female Pallas, described as a daughter of Triton, is mentioned under PALLADIUM.