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Pardus, Gregorius

or GEORGIUS (Γρεγόριος s.Γεώργιος Πάρδος), archbishop of Corinth, on which account he is called in some MSS. GEORGIUS (or GREGORIUS) CORINTHUS (Κόρινθος), and, by an error of the copyist, CORITHUS (Κορίθου, in Gen.) and CORUTUS (Κορύτου, in Gen.), or CORYTUS, a Greek writer on grammar of uncertain date.

The only clue that we have to the period in which he lived is a passage in an unpublished work of his, De Constructione Orationis, in which he describes Georgius Pisida [GEORGIUS,, No. 44], Nicolaus Callicles, and Theodorus Prodromus as "more recent writers of Iambic verse."Nicolaus and Theodorus belong to the reign of Alexius I. Comnenus (A. D. 1081-1118), and therefore Pardus must belong to a still later period; but his vague use of the term "more recent," as applied to writers of such different periods as the seventh and eleventh or twelfth centuries, precludes us from determining how near to the reign of Alexius he is to be placed. It was long supposed that Corinthus was his name; but Allatius, in his Diatriba de Georgiis, pointed out that Pardus was his name and Corinthus that of his see; on his occupation of which he appears to have disused his name and designated himself by his bishopric.


Περὶ διαλέκτων,


His only published work is Περὶ διαλέκτων, De Dialectis.

>It was first published with the Erotemata of Demetrius Chalcondylas and of Moschopulus, in a small folio volume, without note of time, place, or printer's name, but supposed to have been printed at Milan, A. D. 1493 (Panzer, Annal. Typogr. vol. ii. p. 96). The full title of this edition is Περὶ διαλέκτων τῶν παρὰ Κορίνθου παρεκβληθειδῶν, De Dialectis a Corintho decerptis.

It was afterwards frequently reprinted as an appendix to the earlier Greek dictionaries, or in the collections of grammatical treatises (e. g. in the Thesaurus Cornucopiae of Aldus, fol. Venice, 1496, with the works of Constantine Lascaris, 4to. Venice, 1512; in the dictionaries of Aldus and Asulanus, fol. Venice, 1524, and of De Sessa and Ravanis, fol. Venice, 1525), sometimes with a Latin version. Sometimes (as in the Greek Lexicons of Stephanus and Scapula) the version only was given.

All these earlier editions were made from two or three MSS., and were very defective. But in the last century Gisbertus Koenius, Greek professor at Franeker, by the collation of fresh MSS., published the work in a more complete form, with a preface and notes, under the title of Γρηγορίου μητροπολίτου Κορίνθου περὶ διαλέκτων, Gregorius Corinthi Metropolita de Dialectis, 8vo. Leyden, 1766. The volume included two other treatises or abstracts on the dialects by the anonymous writers known as Grammaticus Leidensis and Grammaticus Meermannianus. An edition by G. H. Schaetffer, containing the treatises published by Koenius, and one or two additional, among which was the tract of Manuel Moschopulus, De Vocum Passionihus [MOSCHOPULUS], was subsequently published, 8vo. Leipzig, 1811, with copious notes and observations, by Koenius, Bastius, Boissonade, and Schaeffer; and a Commentatio Paleographica, by Bastius.

Works extant in MSS.

Several works of Pardus are extant in MSS.; they are on Grammar; the most important are apparently that Περὶ συντάξεως λόγου ἤτοι τεπὶ τοῦ μὴ σολοικίζειν καὶ περὶ βαρβαρισμοῦ, κ. τ. λ., Ge Constructione Orationis, tel de Soloeciswo et Barbarismo, &c.; that Περὶ τρόπων ποιητικῶν, De Tropis Poeticiis ; and especially that entitled Ἐξηγήσεις εἰς τοις κανόνας τῶν δεσποτικῶν ἑορτῶν, κ. τ. λ., Eapositiones in Canones s. Hymnos Domlinicos Festorumque totieus Anni, et in Triodia Maynue Hebdomadis ac Festorum Deiparae, a grammatical exposition of the hymns of Cosmas and Damascenus [COSMAS OF JERUSALEM; DAMASCENUS, JOANNES], used in the Greek Church; a work which has been, by the oversight of Possevino, Sixtus of Sena, and others, represented as a collection of Homiliae et Sermones.

Further Information

Allatius de Georgiis, p. 416, ed. Paris, et apud Fabric. Bibl. Graec. vol. xii. p. 122, &c. ; Koenius, Praef. in Gregor. Corinth. ; Fabric. Bibl. Graec. vol. vi. pp. 195, &100.320, 341, vol. ix. p. 742.


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