with the title Episcopus Cemeliensis.
Valerianus is the name attached in a single MS. to a discourse De Bono Disciplinae,
frequently printed among the works of St. Augustine, but no author bearing this designation has been commemorated by Gennadius, by Isidorus, nor by any other compiler of ecclesiastical biographies. Cemelium was a village in the neighbourhood of Nice, the episcopate of which was, by a decree of Pope Leo the Great, conjoined with that of Nice, so that after that period it did not form an independent diocese -- a fact which determines one limit with regard to the age of Valerianus.
He is believed to be identical with the Valerianus to whom, in common with other bishops of southern Gaul, a letter was addressed by Leo touching the ordination of the bishop of Vaison (Episcopus Vasensis
), and he is further believed to be the Valerianus who assisted at the councils of Ries (A. D. 439) and Arles (A. D. 455), but these and other suppositions rest upon no basis more stable than simple conjecture.
The Sermo de Bono Disciplinae was first published as the work of Valerianus by Melchior Goldastus, 8vo. Gen. 1601
Nineteen other discourses and an Epistle
Ten years afterwards Sirmond discovered in a MS. belonging to the monastery of Corvey on the Weser nineteen discourses, together with an Epistola ad Monachos de Virtutibus et Ordine Doctrinae Apostolicae,
purporting to be the production of Valerianus Episcopus. Although the codex in question did not contain the homily De Bono Disciplinae,
nor indicate the site of the bishopric of this Valerianus, Sirmond concluded from the style that the whole of these pieces must unquestionably be ascribed to Valerianus Ceemeliensis.
Sirmond printed an octavo volume at Paris in 1612 with the title Sancti Valeriani Episcopi Cemeliensis Homiliae XX. Item Epistola ad Monachos de Virtutibus et Ordine Doctrinae Apostolicae. Omnia primum praeter uncam Homiliam post annos plus minus millc ducentos in lucem edita a Jacobo Sirmondo Societatis Jesu Presbytero anno M.DCXII. These tracts will be found also in the collected works of Sirmond, vol i. p. 604. fol. Paris, 1696, in the Bibliotheca Patrum Maxima, vol. viii. p. 498, fol. Lugd. 1677
, and under their best form in the Bibliotheca Patrum of Galland, vol. x. p. 123, fol. Venet. 1774.
Schoenemann, Biblioth. Patrum Lat.