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1. The personification of chance or luck, the Fortuna of the Romans, is called by Pindar (Ol. xii. init.) a daughter of Zeus the Liberator. She was represented with different attributes. With a rudder, she was conceived as the divinity guiding and conducting the affairs of the world, and in this respect she is called one of the Moerae (Paus. 7.26.3; Pind. Fragm. 75, ed. Heyne); with a ball she represents the varying unsteadiness of fortune; with Plutos or the horn of Amalthea, she was the symbol of the plentiful gifts of fortune. (Artemid. 2.37 ; comp. Müller, Anc. Art and its Rein. § 398.) Tyche was worshipped at Pharae in Messenia (Paus. 4.30.2); at Smyrna, where her statue, the work of Bupalus, held with one hand a globe on her head, and in the other carried the horn of Amalthea (4.30.4); in the arx of Sicyon (2.7.5); at Aegeira in Achaia, where she was represented with the horn of Amalthea and a winged Eros by her side (7.26.3; comp. Plut. De Fort. Rom. 4; Arnob. ad v. Gent. 6.25); in Elis (Paus. 6.25.4); at Thebes (9.16.1); at Lebadeia, together with ἀγαθὸς δαίμων (9.39.4); at Olympia (5.15.4), and Athens. (Aelian, Ael. VH 9.39; comp. FORTUNA.)

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