8. Of EMESA. Among the prelates who, at the General Council of Ephesus, A. D. 431, united with Joannes or John, patriarch of Antioch, in supporting the cause of Nestorius, was Paulus or Paul, bishop of Emesa. When negotiations were in progress for a reconciliation between John and the Oriental bishops [JOANNES, No. 9] with Cyril of Alexandria [CYRILLUS, ST. of ALEXANDRIA], 351, Paulus was sent by John to Cyril, but the latter would by no means comply with the solicitations of John, until his messenger Paul had delivered some homilies before him and presented to him a confession of faith, in which the term θεοτόκος
was applied to the Virgin Mary. and had joined in. anathematizing Nestorius. Having satisfied Cyril in these points, Paul concluded the negotiations ssuccessfully.
The few facts known of the life of Paulus are given by Tillemont (Memoires,
vol. xiv.), and by Christianus Lupus, in his Scholia et Notae ad tarior. PP. Epistolas,
forming the second volume of the work cited below.
Paulus wrote:--1. Λίβελλος ἐιδοθεὶς
(s. Λίβελλοι ἐπιδυθέντες
) τῷ ἀρχιεπισκόπᾳ Κυρίλλῳ παρὰ Παύλου ἐπισκόπου Ἐμέσης τοῦ ἀποσταλέντος παρὰ Ἰωάννου Ἀντιοχείας ἐπισκόπου, Λιβελλυς θυεμ
) Paults Fpeiscopls Emtesenets Cyrillo Arcliepiscopo Alexandriae obtulit, a Joanne Antiocheno Episcopo missus.
2. Ὁμιλία παύλου ἐπισκόπου Ἐμίσης
... εἰς τὴν γέννησιν τοῦ Κυρίου καὶ Σωτῆρος ἡμῶν Ἰησοῦ Χριστοῦ, καὶ ὅτι θεοτόκος ἡ ἁγία παρθένος Μαρία, καὶ ὅτι οὐ δύο υἱοὺς λέγομεν ἀλλ᾽ ἕνα υἱον καὶ Κύριον τὸν Χριστόν, κ. τ. λ.
, Homilia Pauli Episcopi Emiseni .....de Natiuitate Domini et Saluatoris nostri Jesu christi, et quod beata Virgo Maria sit Dei Genitrix, et quod non duos,sed unnm Filium et Dominum Christum dieamus, etc.
3. Τοῦ αὐτοῦ ὁμιλία
.... εἰς τὴν ἐπανθρώπησιν τοῦ Κυρίου καὶ Σωτῆρος ἡμῶν, κ. τ. λ.
, Ejusdem Pauli Homilia .... in Christi domini et Saluatoris nostri Natiritatem.
These pieces are given in the Concilia,
vol. iii. col. 1090. 1095, 10981, ed. Labbe. 4. Epistola Pauli Emeseni Episcopi ad Anutholium Magistrum Militiae,
given in a Latin version in the Ad Ephesinum Concilium variorum Patrum Epistolae
of Christianus Lupus, 4to. Louvain, 1682, Ep. 107. This Paulus of Emesa is to be distinguished from a predecessor of the same name, who was present at the Council of Seleuceia, A. D. 359, and adhered to the party of Acacius (Le Quien, Oriens Christianus,
vol. ii. col. 839, but he does not give his authority): but who seems afterwards, under the emperor Jovian. to have united himself with the orthodox (Socrates, H. E.
3.25, 4.12; Sozomen, H. E.
6.4, 12), and to have acted with them possibly at the synod of Antioch (A. D. 363), certainly at that of Tyana (A. D. 367 or 3G6).