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2. A son of Amynltor by Cleobule or Hippodameia, wias king of the Dolopes, and took part not only in the Calydonian hunt (Tzetz. ad Lycoph. 421; Eustath. ad Hom. p. 762; Hyg. Fab. 173 ; Ov. Met. 8.307), but being a friend of Peleus, he accompanied Achilles on his expedition against Troy. (Hyg. Fab. 257; Ov. Ep. 3.27 ; Apollod. 3.13.8.) His father Amyntor neglected his legitimate wife, and attached himself to a mistress, but the former desired her son to dishonour her rival. Phoenix yielded to the request of his mother, and Amyntor, who discovered it, cursed him, and prayed that he might never be blessed with any offspring. Phoenix now desired to quit his father's house, but his relations compelled him to remain. At last, however, he fled to Peleuis, who received him kindly, made him the ruler of the country of the Dolopes, on the frontiers of Phthiia, and entrusted to him his son Achilles, whonm he was to educate. (Hom. Il. 9.447, &c.) According to another tradition, Phoenix did not dishonour his father's mistress (Pllthia or Clytia), but she merely accused him of having made imiproper overtures to her, in consequence of which his father put out his eyes. But Peleus took himt to Cheiron, who restored to him his sight. (Apollod. 3.13.8.) Phoenix moreover is said to have called the son of Achilles Neoptolemnus, after Lycomedes had called him Pyrrhus. (Paus. 10.26, ยง l.) Neoptolemus was believed to have buried Phoenix at Eion in Macedonia or at Trachis in Thessaly. (Tzetz. ad Lyc. 417; Strab. ix. p.428.) it must further be observed, that Phoenix is one of the mythical beings to whom the ancients ascribed the invention of the alphabet. (Tzetz. Chil. 12.68.)

hide References (4 total)
  • Cross-references from this page (4):
    • Pseudo-Apollodorus, Library, 3.13.8
    • Homer, Iliad, 9.447
    • Pausanias, Description of Greece, 10.26
    • Ovid, Metamorphoses, 8.307
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