2. A surname or epithet of the gods in general, characterizing them as the rulers of the world ; but the plural forms, Ἄνακες
, or Ἄνακτες
, or Ἄνακες παῖδες
, were used to designate the Dioscuri. (Paus. 2.22.7
; Cic. de Nat. Deor.
3.31; Ael. VH 5.4
; Plut. Thes. 33
In the second of the passages of Pausanias here referred to, in which he speaks of a temple of the Ἄνακες παῖδες
at Amphissa, he states, that it was a doubtful point whether they were the Dioscuri, the Curetes, or the Cabeiri; and from this circumstance a connexion between Amphissa and Samothrace has been inferred. (Comp. Eustath. ad Hom.
pp. 182, 1598.) Some critics identify the Anaces with the Enakim of the Hebrews.