4. One of the sons of Herod the Great by Mariamne, was sent with his brother Alexander to Rome, and educated in the house of Pollio. (J. AJ 15.10.1
.) On their return to Judaea, the suspicions of Herod were excited against them by their brother Antipater [ANTIPATER], aided by Pheroras and their aunt Salome, though Berenice, the daughter of the latter, was married to Aristobulus; the young men themselves supplying their enemies with a handle against them by the indiscreet expression of their indignation at their mother's death. In B. C. 11, they were accused by Herod at Aquileia before Augustus, through whose mediation, however, he was recon ciled to them. Three years after, Aristobulus was again involved with his brother in a charge of plotting against their father, but a second reconciliation was effected by Archelaus, king of Cappadocia, the father-in-law of Alexander.
A third accusation, through the arts of Eurycles, the Lacedaemonian adventurer, proved fatal : by permission of Augustus, the two young men were arraigned by Herod before a council convened at Berytus (at which they were not even allowed to be present to defend themselves), and, being condemned, were soon after strangled at Sebaste, B. C. 6. (J. AJ 16.1
; Bell. Jud.
1.23-27; comp. Strab. xvi. p.765