), an ancient Athenian author. Meursius is inclined to believe (Peisistr.
100.2), that the name, where it occurs in Plutarch, Athenaeus, and others, has been substituted, by an error of the copyists, for Cleitodemus, who is mentioned by Pausanias (10.15
) as the most ancient writer of Athenian history.
We find in Athenaeus the following works ascribed to Cleidemus:--
This is probably the same work which is referred to by Suidas (s. v. Ὕης
). Casaubon (ad Athen. l.c.
) and Vossius (de Hist. Graec.
p. 418, ed. Westermann) think that it was a sort of lexicon ; but it seems rather to have been an antiquarian treatise, in verse, on religious rites and ceremonies. (Comp. Ruhnken, ad Tim. s. v. Ἐξηγηταί
.) We cannot fix the exact period at which Cleidemus flourished, but it must have been subsequently to B. C. 479, since Plutarch refers to his account of the battle of Plataea. (Plut. Arist. 19
a.), the subject of which seems to have been the history and antiquities of Attica.
It is probably the work quoted by Plutarch (Plut. Thes. 19
), who mentions prolixity as the especial characteristic of the author.
also apparently an antiquarian work. (Athen. 14.660
A passage from the eighth book of which is referred to by Athenaeus (xii. p. 609c.), relating to the first restoration of Peisistratus and the marriage of Hipparchus with Phya. (Comp. Hdt. 1.60
See further references in Vossius (l.c.