2. An Athenian, son of Ephialtes, was sent in B. C. 390 with ten triremes to Cyprus, to the aid of Evagoras, though the latter had revolted from the king of Persia (Artaxerxes II.), who was an ally of the Athenians at the time. On his voyage, Philocrates fell in with Teleutias, the Lacedaemonian, who was sailing to Rhodes with 27 ships, and who, notwithstanding the enmity between Sparta and Persia, attacked and captured the whole Athenian squadron (Xen. Hell. 4.8.24
; comp. Lys. pro Bon. Arist.
pp. 153-155; Diod. 14.97
In a passage of Demosthenes (c. Aristocr.
p. 659) we are told that on one occasion, when the Lacedaemonians, with solemn assurances of good faith, had offered to give any pledge for it which might be required, Philocrates answered that no pledge could be satisfactory to him except a proof of their not being able
to do injury.
In this passage, however, the name of Iphicrates occurs as a various reading.
The person of whom we have been speaking was perhaps the same Philocrates, who, after the execution of Ergocles for treason and peculation, was accused, in the speech of Lysias, yet extant, of being in possession of the confiscated property of the traitor, whose intimate friend he had been, and who during his command had made him his trierarch and receiver of his money. (Lys. c. Erg., c. Phil.
pp. 179-182; Schn. ad Xen. Hell. l.e.
.] The name Philocrates in Xen. Hell. 4.4.9
, seems clearly to be an error for Iphicrates. (Schn. ad loc. ;
comp. Diod. 14.86
; Polyaen. 1.9