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40. 'We have proved that our complaints are justified and that our adversaries are tyrannical1 and dishonest; we will now show you that you have no right to receive them. [2] Admitting that the treaty allows any unenrolled cities to join either league, this provision does not apply to those who have in view the injury of others, but only to him who is in need of protection,— certainly not to one who forsakes his allegiance and who will bring war instead of peace to those who receive him, or rather, if they are wise, will not receive him on such terms. And war the Corcyraeans will bring to you if you listen to them and not to us. [3] For if you become the allies of the Corcyraeans you will be no longer at peace with us, but will be converted into enemies; and we must, if you take their part, in defending ourselves against them, defend ourselves against you. [4] But you ought in common justice to stand aloof from both; or, if you must join either, you should join us and go to war with them; to Corinth you are at all events bound by treaty, but with Corcyra you never even entered into a temporary negotiation. And do not set the precedent2 of receiving the rebellious subjects of others. [5] At the revolt of Samos3, when4 the other Peloponnesians were divided upon the question of giving aid to the rebels, we voted in your favour and expressly maintained ‘ that every one should be allowed to chastise his own allies.’ [6] If you mean to receive and assist evil-doers, we shall assuredly gain as many allies of yours as you will of ours; and you will establish a principle which will tell against yourselves more than against us.

1 You will break the treaty by receiving them, and will compel us to be your enemies.

2 We did not encourage your rebellious subjects, and you should not receive ours.

3 Cp. 1.115.

4 B.C. 440.

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  • Commentary references to this page (16):
    • Sir Richard C. Jebb, Commentary on Sophocles: Antigone, 399
    • Sir Richard C. Jebb, Commentary on Sophocles: Electra, 716
    • Sir Richard C. Jebb, Commentary on Sophocles: Philoctetes, 286
    • E.C. Marchant, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 3, 3.9
    • C.E. Graves, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 4, CHAPTER CXVII
    • C.E. Graves, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 4, CHAPTER LX
    • C.E. Graves, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 4, CHAPTER LXXV
    • C.E. Graves, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 5, 5.25
    • C.E. Graves, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 5, 5.31
    • C.E. Graves, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 5, 5.33
    • C.E. Graves, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 5, 5.62
    • E.C. Marchant, Commentary on Thucydides Book 1, 1.43
    • E.C. Marchant, Commentary on Thucydides Book 1, 1.95
    • Harold North Fowler, Commentary on Thucydides Book 5, 5.62
    • Charles D. Morris, Commentary on Thucydides Book 1, Introduction
    • Charles F. Smith, Commentary on Thucydides Book 7, 7.63
  • Cross-references to this page (8):
    • Raphael Kühner, Bernhard Gerth, Ausführliche Grammatik der griechischen Sprache, KG 1.3.1
    • Raphael Kühner, Bernhard Gerth, Ausführliche Grammatik der griechischen Sprache, KG 1.3.2
    • Raphael Kühner, Bernhard Gerth, Ausführliche Grammatik der griechischen Sprache, KG 1.pos=2.2
    • Raphael Kühner, Bernhard Gerth, Ausführliche Grammatik der griechischen Sprache, KG 3.1.4
    • Raphael Kühner, Bernhard Gerth, Ausführliche Grammatik der griechischen Sprache, KG 3.6.1
    • A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities (1890), SYMBOLAEON
    • Basil L. Gildersleeve, Syntax of Classical Greek, Forms of the verbal predicate
    • Smith's Bio, Pericles
  • Cross-references in notes to this page (2):
    • Thucydides, History of the Peloponnesian War, Thuc. 1.45
    • Thucydides, History of the Peloponnesian War, Thuc. 3.13
  • Cross-references in notes from this page (1):
    • Thucydides, Histories, 1.115
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries to this page (12):
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