previous next
107. The two armies having effected this junction moved at break of day to a place called Metropolis,1 and there encamped. Soon afterwards the Argives received the expected reinforcement of twenty Athenian ships, which arrived in the Ambracian Gulf. With them came Demosthenes, who brought two hundred Messenian hoplites and sixty Athenian archers. [2] The ships anchored about the hill of Olpae, while the Acarnanians and a few of the Amphilochians (the greater part of them were prevented from stirring by the Ambraciots2 ), having mustered at Argos, were now preparing to give battle. They associated Demosthenes with their own generals in the command of the allied forces. He led them to the neighbourhood of Olpae, and there encamped at a place where they were divided from the enemy by a great ravine. [3] During five days they remained inactive; on the sixth day both armies drew up in battle array. Demosthenes, fearing that he would be surrounded by the Peloponnesians who were more numerous and extended beyond his own line, placed hoplites and light-armed troops, numbering altogether four hundred, in a deep lane overgrown with brushwood, intending them to lie in wait until the moment of conflict, when they were to rush out from the rear on the line of the enemy where it overlapped. [4] The preparations of both armies were now complete and they engaged. Demosthenes led his own right wing, on which were the Messenians and a few Athenians, while the other was held by the Acarnanians, who were disposed according to their cities, and by the Amphilochian javelinmen who were in the battle. The Peloponnesians and Ambraciots were intermingled, with the exception of the Mantineans, who were all collected on the left wing; but the extremity of the wing was occupied by Eurylochus and his division, who were opposed to the Messenians under Demosthenes.

1 Athenian reinforcements arrive. Demosthenes takes the command. He encamps near Olpac, where preparing for action he places troops in an ambuscade.

2 Cp. 3.114 fin.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License.

An XML version of this text is available for download, with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system.

load focus Notes (E.C. Marchant, 1909)
load focus English (Thomas Hobbes, 1843)
load focus Greek (1942)
load focus English (1910)
hide References (36 total)
  • Commentary references to this page (23):
    • E.C. Marchant, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 7, 7.3
    • Charles F. Smith, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 3, 3.100
    • Charles F. Smith, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 3, 3.105
    • Charles F. Smith, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 3, 3.108
    • Charles F. Smith, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 3, 3.109
    • Charles F. Smith, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 3, 3.11
    • Charles F. Smith, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 3, 3.112
    • Charles F. Smith, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 3, 3.114
    • Charles F. Smith, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 3, 3.12
    • Charles F. Smith, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 3, 3.81
    • Charles F. Smith, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 3, 3.92
    • Charles F. Smith, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 3, 3.94
    • C.E. Graves, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 5, 5.67
    • C.E. Graves, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 5, 5.71
    • C.E. Graves, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 5, 5.89
    • Harold North Fowler, Commentary on Thucydides Book 5, 5.115
    • Harold North Fowler, Commentary on Thucydides Book 5, 5.71
    • Charles D. Morris, Commentary on Thucydides Book 1, 1.23
    • Charles D. Morris, Commentary on Thucydides Book 1, 1.3
    • Charles D. Morris, Commentary on Thucydides Book 1, 1.48
    • Charles D. Morris, Commentary on Thucydides Book 1, 1.48
    • Charles F. Smith, Commentary on Thucydides Book 7, 7.33
    • Charles F. Smith, Commentary on Thucydides Book 7, 7.75
  • Cross-references to this page (3):
  • Cross-references in notes to this page (1):
    • Thucydides, History of the Peloponnesian War, Thuc. 3.114
  • Cross-references in notes from this page (1):
    • Thucydides, Histories, 3.114
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries to this page (8):
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: