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52. In this summer and about the same time the Plataeans, who had exhausted their food and1 could no longer hold out, capitulated to the Peloponnesians. [2] The enemy had assaulted their wall and they were unable to defend themselves. But the Lacedaemonian commander knew their weakness, and was desirous that the place should be surrendered and not stormed; he had instructions from home to this effect, the intention being that if some day a treaty of peace were concluded, and both parties agreed to give up all the places which they had taken by force of arms2, Plataea might be excepted on the ground that the inhabitants had come to terms of their own accord. So he sent a herald to enquire whether they would surrender the place to the Lacedaemonians and submit to their decision; [3] the guilty were to be punished, but no one without a just cause. The Plataeans, now in the last stage of weakness, surrendered the city; and for a few days, until the five men who were appointed judges came from Lacedaemon, the Peloponnesians supplied them with food. [4] On the arrival of the judges no accusation was brought against them; they were simply asked one by one, Whether they had done any kind of service to the Lacedaemonians or to their allies in the present war. [5] Before making their reply they requested leave to speak at length, and appointed two of their number, Astymachus the son of Asopolaus, and Lacon the son of Aeimnestus, who was the Lacedaemonian proxenus, to be their advocates. They came forward and spoke as follows:—

1 The Plataeans surrender to the Lacedaemonians, and a commission of five is sent from Sparta to decide their fate. They obtain leave to speak in their own defence.

2 Cp. 5.17 med.

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  • Commentary references to this page (33):
    • E.C. Marchant, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 7, 7.3
    • E.C. Marchant, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 7, 7.81
    • Charles F. Smith, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 3, 3.101
    • Charles F. Smith, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 3, 3.109
    • Charles F. Smith, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 3, 3.24
    • Charles F. Smith, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 3, 3.28
    • Charles F. Smith, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 3, 3.31
    • Charles F. Smith, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 3, 3.40
    • Charles F. Smith, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 3, 3.53
    • Charles F. Smith, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 3, 3.56
    • Charles F. Smith, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 3, 3.57
    • Charles F. Smith, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 3, 3.59
    • Charles F. Smith, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 3, 3.60
    • Charles F. Smith, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 3, 3.61
    • Charles F. Smith, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 3, 3.67
    • C.E. Graves, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 4, CHAPTER CX
    • C.E. Graves, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 4, CHAPTER XXXVII
    • C.E. Graves, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 5, 5.17
    • C.E. Graves, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 5, 5.76
    • C.E. Graves, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 5, 5.89
    • Harold North Fowler, Commentary on Thucydides Book 5, 5.115
    • Harold North Fowler, Commentary on Thucydides Book 5, 5.17
    • Harold North Fowler, Commentary on Thucydides Book 5, 5.49
    • Charles D. Morris, Commentary on Thucydides Book 1, 1.129
    • Charles D. Morris, Commentary on Thucydides Book 1, 1.13
    • Charles D. Morris, Commentary on Thucydides Book 1, 1.135
    • Charles D. Morris, Commentary on Thucydides Book 1, 1.72
    • Charles D. Morris, Commentary on Thucydides Book 1, 1.82
    • Charles F. Smith, Commentary on Thucydides Book 7, 7.25
    • Charles F. Smith, Commentary on Thucydides Book 7, 7.3
    • Charles F. Smith, Commentary on Thucydides Book 7, 7.3
    • Charles F. Smith, Commentary on Thucydides Book 7, 7.35
    • Charles F. Smith, Commentary on Thucydides Book 7, 7.81
  • Cross-references to this page (2):
    • A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities (1890), HOSPI´TIUM
    • Smith's Bio, Laco
  • Cross-references in notes to this page (2):
  • Cross-references in notes from this page (1):
    • Thucydides, Histories, 5.17
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries to this page (6):
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