During the same winter, Brasidas and his Chalcidian allies made an expedition against1
Amphipolis upon the river Strymon, the Athenian colony.
The place where the city now stands is the same which Aristagoras of Miletus in days of old, when he was fleeing from King2
Darius, attempted to colonise; he was driven out by the Edonians3
. Two and thirty years afterwards the4
Athenians made another attempt; they sent a colony of ten thousand, made up partly of their own citizens, partly of any others who liked to join; but these also were attacked by the Thracians at Drabescus, and perished5
Twenty-nine years later the Athenians came again, under the leadership of Hagnon the son of Nicias, drove out the Edonians, and built a town on the same6
spot, which was formerly called 'The Nine Ways.' Their base of operations was Eion, a market and seaport which they already possessed, at the mouth of the river, about three miles from the site of the present town. Wanting to enclose the newly-founded city, which on two sides is surrounded by the river Strymon, Hagnon cut it off by a long wall reaching from the upper part of the river to the lower, and called the place Amphipolis, because it strikes the eye both by sea and land.