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102. During the same winter, Brasidas and his Chalcidian allies made an expedition against1 Amphipolis upon the river Strymon, the Athenian colony. [2] The place where the city now stands is the same which Aristagoras of Miletus in days of old, when he was fleeing from King2 Darius, attempted to colonise; he was driven out by the Edonians3. Two and thirty years afterwards the4 Athenians made another attempt; they sent a colony of ten thousand, made up partly of their own citizens, partly of any others who liked to join; but these also were attacked by the Thracians at Drabescus, and perished5. [3] Twenty-nine years later the Athenians came again, under the leadership of Hagnon the son of Nicias, drove out the Edonians, and built a town on the same6 spot, which was formerly called 'The Nine Ways.' Their base of operations was Eion, a market and seaport which they already possessed, at the mouth of the river, about three miles from the site of the present town. Wanting to enclose the newly-founded city, which on two sides is surrounded by the river Strymon, Hagnon cut it off by a long wall reaching from the upper part of the river to the lower, and called the place Amphipolis, because it strikes the eye both by sea and land.

1 The first, secondhand third foundation of Amphipolis.

2 B.C. 497.

3 Cp. Herod. 5.124.

4 B.C. 465.

5 Cp. 1.100 fin.

6 B.C. 437.

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  • Commentary references to this page (13):
    • Sir Richard C. Jebb, Commentary on Sophocles: Electra, 1485
    • W. W. How, J. Wells, A Commentary on Herodotus, 5.126
    • W. W. How, J. Wells, A Commentary on Herodotus, 5.33
    • W. W. How, J. Wells, A Commentary on Herodotus, 9.75
    • E.C. Marchant, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 2, 2.9
    • E.C. Marchant, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 6, 6.4
    • C.E. Graves, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 4, CHAPTER VII
    • C.E. Graves, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 5, 5.10
    • C.E. Graves, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 5, 5.11
    • C.E. Graves, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 5, 5.5
    • Harold North Fowler, Commentary on Thucydides Book 5, 5.10
    • Harold North Fowler, Commentary on Thucydides Book 5, 5.11
    • Charles D. Morris, Commentary on Thucydides Book 1, 1.16
  • Cross-references to this page (13):
  • Cross-references in notes to this page (3):
  • Cross-references in notes from this page (2):
    • Herodotus, Histories, 5.124
    • Thucydides, Histories, 1.100
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries to this page (4):
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