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38. After the conclusion of the treaty, Theramenes, having delivered over the fleet to Astyochus,1 sailed away in a small boat and was no more heard of. [2] The Athenians, who had now crossed over with their troops from Lesbos to Chios, and had the upper hand both by land and sea, began to fortify Delphinium, a place not far distant from the town of Chios, which had the double advantage of being strong by land and of possessing harbours. [3] The Chians meanwhile remained inactive; they had been already badly beaten in several battles, and their internal condition was far from satisfactory; for Tydeus the son of Ion and his accomplices had been executed by Pedaritus on a charge of complicity with Athens, and the city was reduced by the strong hand to a mere oligarchy. Hence they were in a state of mutual distrust, and could not be persuaded that either they or the mercenaries2 brought by Pedaritus were a match for the enemy. [4] They sent however to Miletus and requested the aid of Astyochus, but he refused. Whereupon Pedaritus sent a despatch to Lacedaemon, complaining of his misconduct. [5] So favourable to the Athenians was the course of affairs in Chios. The main fleet, which they had left at Samos, from time to time made threatening movements against the enemy at Miletus, but as they would never come out, the Athenians at length retired to Samos and there remained.

1 The Chians are reduced to inaction. The conspirators are executed, and the government becomes a close oligarchy. Pedaritus complains to Sparta of Astyochus.

2 Cp. 8.28 fin.

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  • Commentary references to this page (16):
    • E.C. Marchant, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 2, 2.34
    • E.C. Marchant, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 6, 6.89
    • T. G. Tucker, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 8, 8.34
    • T. G. Tucker, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 8, 8.35
    • T. G. Tucker, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 8, 8.36
    • T. G. Tucker, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 8, 8.53
    • T. G. Tucker, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 8, 8.53
    • T. G. Tucker, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 8, 8.55
    • T. G. Tucker, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 8, 8.55
    • T. G. Tucker, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 8, 8.58
    • T. G. Tucker, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 8, 8.63
    • T. G. Tucker, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 8, 8.78
    • T. G. Tucker, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 8, 8.89
    • C.E. Graves, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 4, CHAPTER CVIII
    • C.E. Graves, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 5, 5.81
    • Harold North Fowler, Commentary on Thucydides Book 5, 5.81
  • Cross-references to this page (5):
  • Cross-references in notes to this page (2):
    • Thucydides, History of the Peloponnesian War, Thuc. 8.55
    • Thucydides, History of the Peloponnesian War, Thuc. 8.78
  • Cross-references in notes from this page (1):
    • Thucydides, Histories, 8.28
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries to this page (8):
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