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45. Before the Peloponnesians had removed to Rhodes affairs took a new turn. After the1 death of Chalcideus and the engagement at Miletus2, Alcibiades fell under suspicion at Sparta, and orders came fro home to Astyochus that he should be put to death. Agis hated him, and he was generally distrusted. In fear he retired to Tissaphernes, and soon, by working upon him, did all he could to injure the Peloponnesian cause. He was his constant adviser, and induced him to cut down the pay of the sailors from an Attic drachma to half a drachma3, and this was only to be given at irregular intervals. [2] Tissaphernes was instructed by him to tell the Peloponnesians that the Athenians, with their long experience of naval affairs, gave half a drachma only, not from poverty, but lest their sailors should be demoralised by high pay, and spend their money on pleasures which injured their health, and thereby impaired their efficiency;4 the payment too was made irregularly, that the arrears, which they would forfeit by desertion, might be a pledge of their continuance in the service5. [3] He also recommended him to bribe the trierarchs and the generals of the allied cities into consenting. They all yielded with the exception of the Syracusans: Hermocrates alone stood firm on behalf of the whole alliance. [4] When the allies who had revolted came asking for money, Alcibiades drove them away himself, saying on behalf of Tissaphernes that the Chians must have lost all sense of shame; they were the richest people in Hellas, and now, when they were being saved by foreign aid, they wanted other men, not only to risk life, but to expend money in their cause. [5] To the other cities he replied that, having paid such large sums to the Athenians before they revolted, they would be inexcusable if they were not willing to contribute as much and even more for their own benefit. [6] He represented further that Tissaphernes was now carrying on the war at his own expense, and must be expected to be careful. But if supplies should come from the King he would restore the full pay, and do whatever was reasonable for the cities.

1 Alcibiades, in fear of his life from the Spartans, retires to Tissaphernes, whom he supplies with argument against the Peloponnesians and instructs in various ways. By his advice the pay is curtailed, and the revolted cities who beg for money are refused.

2 Cp. 8.24 init., 25.

3 About 4d.

4 Others translate (omitting 'the payment too was made irregularly '), 'also lest they should get away from their ships too freely, leaving the pay still owing them as a pledge.'

5 Others translate (omitting 'the payment too was made irregularly '), 'also lest they should get away from their ships too freely, leaving the pay still owing them as a pledge.'

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