on sale for their convenience.
The monthly allowance of officers in infantry, including servants, was as follows: Colonel
, six rations worth $56, and two servants; Lieutenant-Colonel
, five rations worth $45, and two servants; Major
, four rations worth $36, and two servants; Captain
, four rations worth $36, and one servant; First and Second Lieutenants
, jointly, the same as Captains
In addition to the above, the field officers had an allowance of horses and forage proportioned to their rank.
I will speak of the rations more in detail, beginning with the hard bread, or, to use the name by which it was known in the Army of the Potomac, Hardtack
. What was hardtack?
It was a plain flour-and-water biscuit.
Two which I have in my possession as mementos measure three and one-eighth by two and seven-eighths inches, and are nearly half and inch thick.
Although these biscuits were furnished to organizations by weight, they were dealt out to the men by number, nine constituting a ration in some regiments, and ten in others ; but there were usually enough for those who wanted more, as some men would not draw them.
While hardtack was nutritious, yet a hungry man could eat his ten in a short time and still be hungry.
When they were poor and fit objects for the soldiers' wrath, it was due to one