of this momentous crisis in the country's history, as being more familiar to me than the record of any other State.
Yet, proud as I am of her conspicuous services in the early war period, I have no desire to extol them at the expense of Pennsylvania
, New York, and Rhode Island
, who so promptly pressed forward and touched elbows with her in this emergency; nor of those other great Western States, whose sturdy patriots so promptly crossed Mason
's and Dixon
's line in such serried ranks at the summons of Father Abraham.
It has often been asked how Massachusetts
, so much farther from the National Capital
than any of the other States, should have been so prompt in coming to its assistance.
Let me give some idea of how it happened.
In December, 1860, Adjutant-General Schouler
of that State, in his annual report, suggested to Governor (afterwards General) N. P. Banks
, that as events were then occurring which might require that the militia of Massachusetts
should be increased in number, it would be well for
The minute man of ‘61.|
commanders of companies to forward to Headquarters a complete roll of each company, with their names and residence, and that companies not full should be recruited to the limit fixed by law, which was then one hundred and one for infantry.
Shortly afterwards John A. Andrew
, now known in history as the Great War Governor
, assumed the duties of his office.
He was not only a leading Republican before the war, but an Abolitionist as well.
He seemed to clearly foresee that the time for threats and arguments had gone