their six brigades came to our assistance immediately after the arrival of McLaws
upon the field.
was repulsed and then Franklin
with his 12,300 arrived to his support, and the attack was renewed on Hill
in the centre, when Anderson
with three or four hundred men and one brigade of Walker
's came to his assistance.
This force of 56,095 men was brought against a force which with all its reinforcements, from first to last, amounted to less than 18,000 men. How it had been served will appear from the following extract from McClellan
He says: “One division of Sumner
's corps, and all of Hooker
's corps, on the right, had, after fighting most valiantly for several hours, been overpowered by numbers, driven back in great disorder, and much scattered; so that they were for the time somewhat demoralized.
's corps, according to the return made by General Meade
, commanding, there were but 6,729 men present on the 18th, whereas, on the morning of the 22nd, there were 13,093 present for duty in the same corps, showing that previous to and during the battle 6,364 men were separated from their command.”
was not able to renew the attack on the 18th, and, according to his own showing, had to wait for reinforcements before doing so; yet he claims a great victory at Antietam
, alleging that he had accomplished the object of the campaign, to-wit: “to preserve the National Capital
, to protect Pennsylvania
from invasion, and to drive the enemy out of Maryland
This was a singular claim on the part of the General
who, scarce three months before, had boastingly stated that the advance of his army was within five miles of the Confederate Capital
The truth is that the substantial victory was with us, and if our army had been in reach of reinforcements, it would have been a decisive one; but we were more than 200 miles from the point from which supplies of ammunition were to be obtained, and any reinforcements which could have been spared to us were much further