took command at Lynchburg
on the 16th of May, and proceeded to organize the volunteers, which were being mustered into the Virginia
service at that point, by Lieutenant Colonel Daniel A. Langhorne
While there, I organized and armed three regiments, to-wit: The 28th Virginia Regiment (Colonel R. T. Preston
) and the 24th Virginia Regiment (my own), both as infantry, and the 30th Virginia Regiment (Colonel R. C. W. Radford
), as cavalry.
This latter regiment was subsequently designated the 2d Virginia Cavalry.
On the 24th of May, the day after the election in Virginia
ratifying the ordinance of secession, the Federal
troops, under the command of Brigadier General McDowell
, crossed over from Washington
, the bands playing and the soldiers singing “John Brown
's soul goes marching on” ; and John Brown
's mission was, subsequently, but too well carried out in Virginia
and all the Southern States
under the inspiration of that anthem.
The Confederate Government had sent some troops to Virginia
, and a portion of them along with some of the Virginia
troops were concentrated at and near Manassas Junction
on the Orange & Alexandria Railroad, about thirty miles from Washington
Brigadier General Beauregard
was sent to take command of the troops at Manassas
, and other troops had been sent to Harper's Ferry
, to the command of which General Joseph E. Johnston
As soon as it was ascertained that the Federal
troops had crossed over and occupied Alexandria
, I commenced sending the regiments organized by me, as they were ready, to Manassas
The infantry was armed with smooth-bore percussion muskets, but there were no belts or bayonet scabbards or cartridge boxes for them, and they had to be supplied with cloth pouches for their ammunition.
The cavalry regiment, consisting of nine companies, was armed principally with double-barrelled shot guns, and sabres of an old pattern which had been collected in the country