cavalry on the pike from York
, to ascertain if any force of the enemy was on that road.
At East Berlin, a small squad of the enemy's cavalry was seen and pursued by my cavalry advance, and I received at that place information, by a courier from Colonel White
, that a cavalry and infantry force had been at Abbotstown on the York
road, but had moved south towards Hanover Junction
A courier also reached me here with a dispatch from General Ewell
, informing me that he was moving with Rodes
' division by the way of Petersburg
, and directing me to march for the same place.
I marched to within three miles of Heidlersburg
and bivouacked my command, and then rode to see General Ewell
, where I found him with Rodes
I was informed by him that the object was to concentrate the corps at or near Cashtown
at the eastern base of the mountain, and I was directed to move to that point the next day by the way of Hunterstown
, while Rodes
would take the route by Middletown
My march so far, to the bank of the Susquehanna
and back, had been without resistance, the performances of the militia force at Gettysburg
amounting in fact to no resistance at all, but being merely a source of amusement to my troops.
The country maps were so thorough and accurate that I had no necessity for a guide in any direction.
There had been no depredations upon the people, except the taking of such supplies as were needed in an orderly and regular manner as allowed by the most liberal and intelligent rules of war. No houses had been burned or pillaged, no indignities offered to the inhabitants, who were themselves amazed at the forbearance of our troops; not even a rail had been taken from the fences for firewood.
I had returned over a large portion of the route taken in going to York
, and I was myself surprised to see so little evidence of the march of an invading army.